Criminal Law

Watts v. Indiana [388 U.S. 49 (1949)]: Coerced (involuntary) confession in police custody deprived suspect of due process. (But see J. Jackson’s dissent — societal need to prosecute crimes.)

Miranda v. AZ [384 U.S. 436 (1966)]: Custodial police interrogations are inherently coercive of confessions unless the suspect is warned ahead of time of his right to remain silent and obtain counsel.

Berghuis v. Thompkins [560 U.S. 370 (2010)]: Silence during police interrogation does not alone constitute a positive assertion of Miranda rights; presumption of waived rights.