- *
**Adjustment of Status***Matter of R-G-*, 8 I&N Dec. 128 (BIA 1958)*Matter of Rafipour*, 16, I&N Dec. 470 (BIA 1978)*Matter of Rainford*, 20 I&N Dec. 598 (BIA 1992) [AOS as relief]**(PDF Summary)***Sanchez v. Mayorkas*, 141 S. Ct. 1809 (2021) [TPS & Admission]**(PDF Summary)**

**Administrative Closure***Matter of Avetisyan*, 25 I&N Dec. 688 (BIA 2012)**(PDF Summary)***Matter of Castro-Tum*, 27 I&N Dec. 271 (A.G. 2018)**(Overruled by**(IJ Morley!)*Matter of Cruz-Valdez*)

*Sanchez v. A.G.*, 997 F.3d 113 (3d Cir. 2021)**(PDF Summary)***Matter of Cruz-Valdez*, 28 I&N Dec. 326 (A.G. 2021)

**Administrative Exhaustion***Bhiski v. Ashcroft*, 373 F.3d 363 (3d Cir. 2004)*Yan Lan Wu v. Ashcroft*, 393 F.3d 418 (3d Cir. 2005)*Popal v. Gonzales*, 416 F.3d 249 (3d Cir. 2005)*Joseph v. A.G.*, 465 F.3d 123 (3d Cir. 2006)*Lin v. A.G.*, 543 F.3d 114 (3d Cir. 2008)**(PDF Summary)***Hozha v. Holder*, 559 F.3d 157 (3d Cir. 2009)*Zhi Fei Liao v. A.G.*, 910 F.3d 714 (3d Cir. 2018)*Nkomo v. A.G.*, 986 F.3d 268 (3d Cir. 2021)**(PDF Summary)**

- *
**Admissibility***Espinoza-Espinoza v. INS*, 554 F.2d 921 (9th Cir. 1977)

*Kungys v. United States*, 485 U.S. 759 (1988)*Muratoski v. Holder*, 622 F.3d 824 (7th Cir. 2010)*Valdez-Munoz v. Holder*, 623 F.3d 1304 (9th Cir. 2010)*Kyon Ho Shin v. Holder*, 607 f.3d 1213 (9th Cir. 2010)*Richmond v. Holder*, 714 F.3d 725 (2d Cir. 2013)*Injeti v. USCIS*, 737 F.3d 311 (4th Cir. 2013)*Matter of Gomez-Beltran*, 26 I&N Dec. 765 (BIA 2016)*Matter of Zhang*, 27 I&N Dec. 569 (BIA 2019) [not entitled to deference by C.D. Ca. 2021 below]- __________
*v. Mayorkas*, C.D. Ca. United States District Court (October 28, 2021)**(PDF Summary)** *Sanchez v. Mayorkas*, 141 S. Ct. 1809 (2021) [TPS & Admission]**(PDF Summary)**

**Adverse Credibility Determination***Balasubramanrim v. INS*, 143 F.3d 157 (3d Cir. 1998) [airport interviews]*Senathirajah v. INS*, 157 F.3d 210 (3d Cir. 1998) [airport interviews]**(PDF Summary)***Fiadjoe v. A.G.*, 411 F.3d 135 (3d Cir. 2005) [airport interview; abusive IJ]**(PDF Summary)**

*Toure v. A.G.*, 443 F.3d 310 (3d Cir. 2006)**(PDF Summary)**

*Sukwanputra v. Gonzales*, 434 F.3d 627 (3d Cir. 2006)**(PDF Summary)***In re. J-Y-C-*, 24 I&N Dec. 260 (BIA 2007)**(PDF Summary)**

*Chukwu v. A.G.*, 484 F.3d 185 (3d Cir. 2007)**(PDF Summary)***Lin v. A.G.*, 543 F.3d 114 (3d Cir. 2008)**(PDF Summary)***Sunuwar v. A.G.*, 989 F.3d 239 (3d Cir. 2021)**(PDF Summary)**- *
*Munyuh v. Garland*, No. 19-72890 (9th Cir. August 25, 2021) [trauma; abusive IJ]**(PDF Summary)**

**Aggravated Felony***Gordon v. A.G.*, 962 F.3d 134 (11th Cir. 2020)*K.A. v. A.G.*, 997 F.3d 99 (3d Cir. 2021)**(PDF Summary)**- *
*Talamantes v. A.G.*, No. 19-15080 (11th Cir. 2021)**(PDF Summary)**

- *
**Appeals Procedure:****BIA***Jean-Pierre v. U.S. Att’y Gen.*, 500 F.3d 1315, 1326 (11th Cir. 2007) (reasoned consideration)*Perez-Guerrero v. Att’y Gen.*, 717 F.3d 1224, 1232 (11th Cir. 2013) (reasoned consideration)*Seck v. U.S. Att’y Gen.*, 663 F.3d 1356, 1368-69 (11th Cir. 2011) (reasoned consideration)

*Jeune v. U.S. Att’y Gen.*, 810 F.3d 792, 803 (11th Cir. 2016) (reasoned consideration)*Ali v. U.S. Att’y Gen.*, 931 F.3d 1327, 1333 (11th Cir. 2019) (reasoned consideration)*Jathursan v. Att’y Gen.*, 14 F.4th 1365 (11th Cir. 2021) (reasoned consideration)**(PDF Summary)**

**Appeals Procedure:****CIRCUIT COURTS***Khan v. A.G.*, 691 F.3d 488 (3d Cir. 2012) [premature]

**Asylum:***See also:*Adverse Credibility; Changed Country Conditions; Corroboration; Domestic Violence; Gang Violence; Humanitarian Asylum; LGBTQ; Particular Social Group; Particularly Serious Crimes; Persecution; Political Opinion; REAL ID Act*Matter of Acosta*, 19 I&N Dec. 211 (BIA 1985)**(Summary)**

**Asylum:**FIRM RESETTLEMENT*Abdille v. Ashcroft*, 242 F.3d 477 (3d Cir. 2001)**(PDF Summary)**

*Matter of K-S-E-*, 27 I&N Dec. 818 (BIA 2020)**(PDF Summary)**

**Asylum:**GOVERNMENT CONTROL*Fiadjoe v. A.G.*, 411 F.3d 135 (3d Cir. 2005) [Ghana, Trokosi sect]**(PDF Summary)**, 665 F.3d 496 (3d Cir. 2011) [Guatemala, testimony]**Garcia v. A.G**.**(PDF Summary)**

**Asylum:**ONE YEAR DEADLINE*Matter of T-M-H- & S-W-C-*, 25 I&N Dec. 193 (BIA 2010)**(PDF Summary)**- *
*Zambrano v. Sessions*, 878 F.3d 84 (4th Cir. 2017) (intensification of preexisting threat of persecution counts as changed circumstances) - *
*Salgado-Sosa v. Sessions*, 882 F.3d 451 (2018) *Matter of D-G-C-*, 28 I&N Dec. 297 (BIA 2021)**(PDF Summary)**

**Authentication of Documents***Sukwanputra v. Gonzales*, 434 F.3d 627 (3d Cir. 2006)**(PDF Summary)***Fei Yan Zhu v. A.G.*744 F.3d 268 (3d Cir. 2014)**(PDF Summary)**

**Bond***In re Adeniji*, 22 I&N Dec. 1102 (BIA 1999)*Padilla-Ramirez v. Bible*, 882 F.3d 826 (CA9 2017)*Guerrero-Sanchez v. Warden YCP*, 905 F.3d 208 (CA3 2018)*Martinez v. LaRose*, 968 F.3d 555 (CA6 2020)*Johnson v. Guzman Chavez*, 549 U.S. ___ (2021)**(PDF Summary)***Padilla v. ICE*, No. 2:18-cv-928 MJP (W.D. Wash. filed June 25, 2018) [Bond after CFR]*Garland v. Gonzalez*, No. 20-322 (S. Ct. June 13, 2022) [No class actions]**(PDF Summary)**

**Cancellation of Removal***Matter of Monreal*, 23 I&N Dec. 56 (BIA 2001) [Extraordinary & extremely unusual hardship, uns.]**(PDF Summary)***Matter of Andazola*, 23 I&N Dec. 319 (BIA 2002) [E&EU hardship, unsuccessful]**(PDF Summary)***Matter of Recinas*, 23 I&N Dec. 467 (BIA 2002) [E&EU hardship, successful]**(PDF Summary)**- *
*Jean-Louis v. Att’y Gen.*, 582 F.3d 462 (3d Cir. 2009)**(PDF Summary)** *Matter of Strydom*, 25 I&N Dec. 507 (BIA 2011) [Violation v. conviction]

*Matter of Obshatko*, 27 I&N Dec. 173 (BIA 2017) [Violation v. conviction]**(PDF Summary)***Gordon v. A.G.*, 962 F.3d 134 (11th Cir. 2020)

*Matter of J-J-G-*, 27 I&N Dec. 808 (BIA 2020)**(PDF Summary)**- *
*Talamantes v. A.G.*, No. 19-15080 (11th Cir. 2021)**(PDF Summary)**

**CAT Claims**- *
*In re J-E-*, 23 I&N Dec. 291 (BIA 2002) (en banc)**(PDF Summary)** - *
*In re Y-L-, A-G-, R-S-R-*, 23 I&N Dec. 270 (A.G. 2002)**(PDF Summary)** - *
*Auguste v. Ridge*, 395 F.3d 123 (3d Cir. 2005) - *
*In re J-F-F-*, 23 I&N Dec. 912 (A.G. 2006)**(PDF Summary)** - *
*Silva-Rengifo*, 473 F.3d 58 (3d Cir. 2007) - *
*Kaplun v. A.G.*, 602 F.3d 260 (3d Cir. 2010)**(PDF Summary)** - *
*Myrie v. A.G.*, 855 F.3d 509 (3d Cir. 2017)**(PDF Summary)** *Quinteros v. A.G.*, 945 F.3d 772 (3d Cir. 2019)**(PDF Summary)***Matter of R-A-F-*, 27 I&N Dec. 778 (A.G. 2020) [poor conditions in MX mental health facility]**(PDF Summary)****Matter of O-F-A-S-*, 28 I&N Dec. 35 (A.G. 2020) [under color of law]**(PDF Summary)**- *
*Nasrallah v. Barr*, 140 S.Ct. 1683 (2020) [judicial review of factual challenges to CAT order] **Silvestre-Giron v. Barr*, 949 F.3d 1114 (8th Cir. 2020) [standard of reversal at Circuit Ct level]

- *

**Categorical Approach**- *
*Taylor v. U.S.*, 495 U.S. 575 (1990) [non-immigration context] - *
*Singh v. Ashcroft*, 383 F.3d 144 (3d Cir. 2004) [modified] - *
*Shepard v. U.S.*, 544 U.S. 13, 20-21, 26 (2005) [record of conviction] - *
*Nijhawan v. Holder*, 557 U.S. 29 (2009) - *
*Jean-Louis v. Att’y Gen.*, 582 F.3d 462 (3d Cir. 2009)**(PDF Summary)** **Moncrieffe v. Holder*, 569 U.S. 184 (2013)**Descamps v. U.S.*, 570 U.S. 254 (2013) [non-immigration]- *
*U.S. v. Howard*, 742 F.3d 1334 (11th Cir. 2014) [divisibility] - *
*Mathis v. U.S.*, 136 S. Ct. 2243 (2016) - *
26 I&N Dec. 826 (BIA 2016) [CIMT & categorical]*Matter of Silva-Trevino*, - *
*Esquivel-Quintana v. Sessions*, 137 S.Ct. 1562 (2017) - *
*Matter of Obshatko*, 27 I&N Dec. 173 (BIA 2017)**(PDF Summary)** - *
*Guillen v. A.G.*, 910 F.3d 1174 (11th Cir. 2018) *K.A. v. A.G.*, 997 F.3d 99 (3d Cir. 2021)**(PDF Summary)**- *
*Pereida v. Wilkinson*, 592 U.S. ___, 141 S.Ct. 754 (2021)**(PDF Summary)** - *
*Talamantes v. A.G.*, No. 19-15080 (11th Cir. 2021)**(PDF Summary)**

- *

**Changed Country Conditions***Kaur v. BIA*, 413 F.3d 232 (2d Cir. 2005)*Wang v. BIA*, 437 F.3d 270 (2d Cir. 2006)*Shardar v. A.G.*, 503 F.3d 308 (3d Cir. 2007)**(PDF Summary)***Khan v. A.G.*, 691 F.3d 488 (3d Cir. 2012)**(PDF Summary)**

*Perez v. Holder*, 740 F.3d 57 (9st Cir. 2014)*Bamaca-Cifuentes v. A.G.*, 870 F.3d 108 (3d Cir. 2017)**(PDF Summary)***Liem v. A.G.*, 921 F.3d 388 (3d Cir. 2019)**(PDF Summary)***Lopez-Garcia v. Barr*, 969 F.3d 749 (7th Cir. 2020)*Baker White v. Wilkinison*, 990 F.3d 600 (8th Cir. 2021)**(PDF Summary)***Darby v. A.G.*, ___ F.3d ____ (3d Cir. June 17, 2021) (2021 WL 2460986)**(PDF Summary)**

**Class Actions***Padilla v. ICE*, No. 2:18-cv-928 MJP (W.D. Wash. filed June 25, 2018) [Bond after CFR]*Garland v. Gonzalez*, No. 20-322 (S. Ct. June 13, 2022) [No class actions]**(PDF Summary)**

**Continuances***Matter of L-A-B-R-*, 27 I&N Dec. 405 (A.G. 2018)

**Continuous Physical Presence***De Leon-Ochoa v. A.G.*, 622 F.3d 341 (3d Cir. 2010) [piggybacking]

**Corroboration**[note lovely circuit split below]*In re S-M-J-*, 21 I&N Dec. 722 (BIA 1997) (en banc)**(PDF Summary)***Matter of A-S-*, 21 I&N Dec. 1106 (BIA 1998)*Senathirajah v. INS*, 157 F.3d 210 (3d Cir. 1998)**(PDF Summary)***Matter of S-A-*, 22 I&N Dec. 1328 (BIA 2000) [absence of police report]*Abdulai v. Ashcroft*, 239 F.3d F42 (3d Cir. 2001) [3-part test]**(PDF Summary)***Berishaj v. Ashcroft*, 37 F.3d 314 (3d Cir. 2004)**(Summary)***Liu v. Ashcroft*, 372 F.3d 529 (3d Cir. 2004)**(PDF Summary)***Voci v. Gonzales*, 409 F.3d 607 (3d Cir. 2005)**(PDF Summary)***Chukwu v. A.G.*, 484 F.3d 185 (3d Cir. 2007) [IJ notice necessary]**(PDF Summary)***Rapheal v. Mukasey*, 533 F.3d 521 (7th Cir. 2008) [IJ notice NOT necessary]*Sandie v. A.G.*, 562 F.3d 246 (3d Cir. 2009)**(PDF Summary)***Liu v. Holder*, 575 F.3d 193 (2d Cir. 2009) [IJ notice NOT necessary]*Rahimzadeh v. Holder*, 613 F.3d 916 (9th Cir. 2010) [absence of police report]*Ren v. Holder*, 648 F.3d 1079 (9th Cir. 2011) [IJ notice necessary]*Zhi v. Holder*, 751 F.3d 1088 (9th Cir. 2014) [IJ notice necessary]*Hernandez-Avalos v. Lynch*, 784 F.3d 944 (4th Cir. 2015) [absence of police report]*Matter of L-A-C*, 26 I&N Dec. 516 (BIA 2015) [IJ notice NOT necessary]*Gaye v. Lynch*, 788 F.3d 519 (6th Cir. 2015) [IJ notice NOT necessary]*Bringas-Rodriguez v. Sessions*, 850 F.3d 1051 (9th Cir. 2017) (en banc) [absence of police report]*Saravia v. A.G.*, 905 F.3d 729 (3d Cir. 2018) [IJ notice necessary in 3d Cir]**(PDF Summary)****Luziga v. A.G.*, 937 F.3d 244 (3d Cir. 2019) [IJ notice necessary in 3d Cir.]*Doe v. A.G.*, 956 F.3d 135 (3d Cir. 2020) [absence of police report]**(PDF Summary)**- *
*Wambura v. Barr*, 980 F.3d 365 (4th Cir. 2020) [following*Matter of L-A-C-*: IJ notice NOT necessary] - *
*Munyuh v. Garland*, No. 19-72890 (9th Cir. August 25, 2021) [IJ notice necessary]**(PDF Summary)**

***Counsel (IAC / Due Process Right)***Vides-Vides v. INS*, 783 F.2d 1463 (9th Cir. 1986) [right to counsel]*Matter of Lozada*, 19 I&N Dec. 637 (BIA 1988) [IAC, procedural steps]*Castro-O’Ryan v. INS*, 847 F.2d 1307 (9th Cir. 1988) [right to counsel]*Nazakat v. INS*, 981 F.23 1146 (10th Cir. 1992) [right to counsel]*U.S. v. Torres-Sanchez*, 68 F.3d 227 (8th Cir. 1995) [right to counsel]*Nelson v. INS*, 232 F.3d 258 (1st cir. 2000) [right to counsel]*Lu v. Ashcroft*, 259 F.3d 127 (3d Cir. 2001) [IAC]*Uspango v. Ashcroft*, 289 F.3d 226 (3d Cir. 2002) [right to counsel]*Ponce-Leiva v. Ashcroft*, 331 f.3d 369 (3d Cir. 2003) [IAC & due process right]**(PDF Summary)**(Argued by Steven Morley!)*Franco-Gonzalez v. Holder*, C.D. Ca. 2013 [right to counsel for mentally incompetent respondents]

**Crimes:**AGGRAVATED FELONIES*Matter of Ramos*, 23 I&N Dec. 336 (BIA 2002) (en banc) [DUI, crimes of violence]**(PDF Summary)***K.A. v. A.G.*, 997 F.3d 99 (3d Cir. 2021)**(PDF Summary)**

**Crimes:**CATEGORICAL APPROACH (see above as well)**Taylor v. U.S.*, 495 U.S. 575 (1990) [non-immigration context]

- *
*Nijhawan v. Holder*, 557 U.S. 29 (2009) - *
*Jean-Louis v. Att’y Gen.*, 582 F.3d 462 (3d Cir. 2009)**(PDF Summary)** - *
*Descamps v. U.S.*, 570 U.S. 254 (2013) [non-immigration] **Moncrieffe v. Holder*, 569 U.S. 184 (2013)- *
*Esquivel-Quintana v. Sessions*, 137 S.Ct. 1562 (2017)

*Matter of Obshatko*, 27 I&N Dec. 173 (BIA 2017)**(PDF Summary)***K.A. v. A.G.*, 997 F.3d 99 (3d Cir. 2021)**(PDF Summary)**- *
*Pereida v. Wilkinson*, 592 U.S. ___, 141 S.Ct. 754 (2021)**(PDF Summary)**

- *
**Crimes:**CIMTs*Matter of P-*, 2 I&N Dec. 117, 121 (BIA 1944) [vicious motive or corrupt mind]*Matter of Abreu-Semino*, 12 I&N Dec. 775, 775 (BIA 1968) [intent]*Matter of Medina*, 15 I&N Dec. 611 (BIA 1976) [aggr assault]*Matter of Flores*, 17 I&N Dec. 225, 227 (BIA 1980) [evil or malicious intent]*Matter of Wojtkow*, 18 I&N Dec. 111 (BIA 1981) [2d manslaughter]*Matter of Danesh*, 19 I&N Dec. 669 (BIA 1988) [assault]*Matter of Short*, 20 I&N Dec. 136 (BIA 1989) [simple assault not CIMT]*Matter of Perez-Contreras*, 20 I&N Dec. 615, 618 (BIA 1992) [“vicious motive & corrupt mind]*Matter of Serna*, 20 I&N Dec. 579 (BIA 1992)*Matter of Franklin*, 20 I&N Dec. 867 (BIA 1994) (Invol manslaughter; corrupt mind]*Matter of Fualaau*, 21 I&N Dec. 475 (BIA 1996)*Hamdan v. INS*, 98 F.3d 183, 186 (5th Cir. 1996) [corrupt mind]*Matter of Khourn*, 21 I&N Dec. 1041, 1046 (BIA 1997) [corrupt mind]*Matter of Ajami*, 22 I&N Dec. 949 (BIA 1999)*Michel v. INS*, 206 F.3d 253 (2d Cir. 2000) [corrupt scienter]*Matter of Torres-Varela*, 23 I&N Dec. 78 (BIA 2001)*INS v. Ventura*, 537 U.S. 12 (2002) [scienter as to age]*Knapik v. Ashcroft*, 384 F.3d 84, 89 (3d Cir. 2004) [defined]*Chanmouny v. Ashcroft*, 376 F.3d 810, 814-15 (8th Cir. 2004) [corrupt mind]*Rodriguez v. Gonzales*, 451 F.3d 60 (2d Cir. 2006)*Matter of Sanudo*, 23 I&N Dec. 968 (BIA 2006)*Matter of Solon*, 24 I&N Dec. 239 (BIA 2007) [assault]**(PDF Summary)**- *
*Jean-Louis v. Att’y Gen.*, 582 F.3d 462 (3d Cir. 2009)**(PDF Summary)** *Matter of Silva-Trevino*, 241 I&N Dec. 687 (A.G. 2008) (“*Silva-Trevino I*“) (*vacated by Matter of Silva-Trevino*, 26 I&N Dec. 550 (A.G. 2015) (“*Silva-Trevino II*“) [scienter as to age]*Matter of Silva-Trevino*, 26 I&N Dec. 826 (BIA 2016) [CIMT & categorical]*Matter of Ortega Lopez*(A.G. 2018) [animal fighting]

**Crimes:**CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES*In re Suh*, 23 I&N Dec. 626 (BIA 2003) [pardon waiver]

*Balogun v. A.G.*, 425 F.3d 1356 (11th Cir. 2005) [pardon waiver]*Aguilera-Montero v. Mukasey*, 548 F.3d 1248 (9th Cir. 2008) [pardon waiver]*Aristy-Rosa v. A.G.*, 994 F.3d 112 (3d Cir. 2021) [pardon waiver]**(PDF Summary)**

**Crimes:**GENERAL*Padilla v. KY*, 599 U.S. 356 (2010) [duty to warn client]**(PDF Summary)**

*Matter of Medina Jimenez*(BIA 2018) [PFA]**(Summary)**

**Crimes:**PARDON WAIVERS*In re Suh*, 23 I&N Dec. 626 (BIA 2003) [controlled substances]

*Balogun v. A.G.*, 425 F.3d 1356 (11th Cir. 2005) [controlled substances]*Aguilera-Montero v. Mukasey*, 548 F.3d 1248 (9th Cir. 2008) [controlled substances]*Aristy-Rosa v. A.G.*, 994 F.3d 112 (3d Cir. 2021) [controlled substances]**(PDF Summary)**

**Detention Pending Removal***Zadvydas v. Davis*, 533 U.S. 678 (2001)**(PDF Summary)***Demore v. Kim*US (2003)**(PDF Summary)**

**Domestic Violence***Matter of A-R-C-G-*, 26 I&N Dec. 388 (BIA 2014), 27 I&N Dec. 173 (BIA 2017) [PFA violation]*Matter of Obshatko***(PDF Summary)**

*Matter of A-B-*, 27 I&N Dec. 316 (A.G. 2018)**(Summary)**

- *
**Due Process (Procedural)**- Due Process Violations from IJ Conduct Quote Collection
**(PDF)** *Mathews v. Eldridge*, 424 U.S. 319 (1976)*Abdulrahman v. Ashcroft*330 F.3d 587 (3d Cir. 2003) [IJ conduct]

*Dia v. Ashcroft*, 353 F.3d 228 (3d Cir. 2003)*Wang v. A.G.*, 423 F.3d 260 (3d Cir. 2005) [IJ conduct]*Cham v. A.G.*, 445 F.3d 683 (3d Cir. 2006) [IJ conduct]*Fadiga v. A.G.*, 488 F.3d 142 (3d Cir. 2007)*Abulashvili v. A.G.*, 663 F.3d 197 (3d Cir. 2011)*Serrano-Alberto v. A.G.*, 859 F.3d 208 (3d Cir. 2017) [IJ conduct]*DHS v. Thuraissigiam*, 140 S.Ct. 1959 (2020)**(PDF Summary)**

- Due Process Violations from IJ Conduct Quote Collection

**Equitable Tolling***Iavorski v. INS*, 232 F.3d 124 (2d Cir. 2000)*Socop-Gonzalez v. INS*, 272 F.3d 1176 (9th Cir. 2001) [filing deadline]*Riley v. INS*, 310 F.3d 1253 (10th Cir. 2002) [filing deadline]*Pace v. DiGuglielmo*, 544 U.S. 408 (2005) [diligence + extra circs]*Hernandez-Moran v. Gonzales*, 408 F.3d 496 (8th Cir. 2005) [filing deadline]*Cekic v. INS*, 435 F.3d 167 (2d Cir. 2006) [due diligence]*Luntungan v. A.G.*, 499 F.3d 551 (3d Cir. 2006) [number limit]*Jian Hua Wang v. BIA*, 508 F.3d 710 (2d Cir. 2007) [length of time]*Rivera v. Quarterman*, 505 F.3d 349 (5th Cir. 2007) [extra circs]*Barry v. Mukasey*, 524 F.3d 721 (6th Cir. 2008) [filing deadline]*Gaberov v. Mukasey*, 516 F.3d 590 (7th Cir. 2008) [filing deadline]*Xue Yong Zhang v. Holder*, 617 F.3d 650 (2d Cir. 2010) [MTR 90 days]*Neves v. Holder*, 613 F.3d 30 (1st Cir. 2010) [filing deadline]*Holland v. Florida*, 560 U.S. 631 (2010) [diligence + Extra circs]*Alzaarir v. A.G.*, 639 F.3d 86 (3d Cir. 2011) (per curiam) [filing deadline]*Kuusk v. Holder*, 732 F.3d 302 (4th Cir. 2013) [filing deadline]*Avila-Santoyo v. Att’y Gen.*, 713 F.3d 1357 (11th Cir. 2013) (per curiam) [filing deadline]*Lugo-Resendez v. Lynch*, 831 F.3d 337 (5th Cir. 2016) [filing deadline]*Ilona v. Barr*, 958 F.3d 1225 (9th Cir. 2020) [Changed law = Extra circs]

**Failure to Appear:**MTR, EXCEPTIONAL CIRCUMSTANCES*Romani v. INS*, 146 F.3d 737 (9th Cir. 1998) [no failure to appear]**(PDF Summary)**

*Singh v. INS*, 295 F.3d 1037 (9th Cir. 2002) [late but diligent & eligible]**(PDF Summary)**

*Chete Juarez v. Ashcroft*, 376 F.3d 944 (9th Cir. 2004) [diligence; BIA delay]**(PDF Summary)***Matter of S-L-H- & L-B-L-*, 28 I&N Dec. 318 (BIA 2021) [weather, traffic]**(PDF Summary)**

- *
**Fourth Amendment**- Quotes from Various Related Cases
**(PDF Summary)** *INS v. Lopez-Mendoza*, 468 U.S. 1032 (1984)**(PDF Summary)***Adamson v. C.I.R.*, 745 F.2d 541 (9th Cir. 1984)*Almeida-Amaral v. Gonzales*, 461 F.3d 231 (2d Cir. 2006)*Kandamar v. Gonzales*, 464 F.3d 65 (1st Cir. 2006)*Puc-Ruiz v. Holder*, 629 F.3d 771 (8th Cir. 2010)*Oliva-Ramos v. A.G.*, 694 F.3d 259 (3d Cir. 2012)**(PDF Summary)**

- Quotes from Various Related Cases

- *
**Good Moral Character***Matter of Castillo-Perez*, 27 I&N Dec. 664 (A.G. 2019) [2+ DUI Convictions]

- *
**Habeas Corpus Relief***DHS v. Thuraissigiam*, 140 S.Ct. 1959 (2020)**(PDF Summary)**

**Humanitarian Asylum / “Other serious harm”***Lukwago v. Ashcroft*, 329 F.3d 157 (2003) [denied]**(PDF Summary)**

**In Absentia Removal***Romani v. INS*, 146 F.3d 737 (9th Cir. 1998)**(PDF Summary)**

*Mahmood v. Gonzales*, 427 F.3d 248 (3d Cir. 2005)**(PDF Summary)**

**Ineffective Assistance of Counsel**[see also: MTR below]*Lozada v. INS*, 857 F.2d 10, 13 (1st Cir. 1988) [due process]*Matter of Lozada*, 19 I&N Dec. 637 (BIA 1988)**(PDF Summary)***Iavorski v. INS*, 232 F.3d 124, 128-29 (2d Cir. 2000) [due process]*Osei v. INS*, 305 F.3d 1205, 1208 (10th Cir. 2002) [due process]*Mahmood v. Gonzales*, 427 F.3d 248 (3d Cir. 2005)**(PDF Summary)***Allabani v. Gonzales*, 402 F.3d 668, 676 (6th Cir. 2005) [due process]*Dakane v. Att’y Gen.*, 399 F.3d 1269, 1273-74 (11th Cir. 2005) [due process]*Mai v. Gonzales*, 473 F.3d 162, 165 (5th Cir. 2006) [due process]*Fadiga v. Att’y Gen.*, 488 F.3d 142, 155 (3d Cir. 2007) [due process]*Nehad v. Mukasey*, 535 F.3d 962, 967 (9th Cir. 2008) [due process]

**Jurisdiction & Judicial Review***INS v. Yang*, 519 U.S. 26 (1996) [agency discretion]*INS v. Ventura*, 537 U.S. 12 (2002) (per curiam) [BIA remand]*Calle Vujiles v. Ashcroft*, 320 F.3d 472 (3d Cir. 2003) [settled course of adj]*Vente v. Gonzales*, 415 F.3d 296 (3d Cir. 2005) [BIA remand]*Cruz v. A.G.*, 452 F.3d 240 (3d Cir. 2006) [BIA’s sua sponte MTR denial]*Chehazeh v. A.G.*, 666 F.3d 118 (3d Cir. 2012) [BIA’s sua sponte MTR denial]- *
*Guerrero-Lasprilla v. Barr*, 140 S.Ct. 1062 (U.S. 2020) - *
*Nasrallah v. Barr*, 140 S.Ct. 1683 (U.S. 2020) [Circuit Court review of factual challenges to CAT order]

**LGBTQ Persecution***Matter of Toboso-Alfonso*, 20 I&N Dec. 819 (BIA 1990) [sexual orientation PSG]*Hernandez-Montiel v. INS*, 225 F.3d 1084 (9th Cir. 2000),*overruled on other grounds by Thomas v. Gonzales*, 409 F.3d 1177 (9th Cir. 2005) [transgender PSG]*Amanfi v. Ashcroft*, 328 F.3d 719 (3d Cir. 2003) [sexual orientation PSG]*Nabulwala v. Gonzales*, 481 f.3d 1115 (8th Cir. 2007) [lesbians PSG]*Bromfield v. Mukasey*, 543 F.3d 1071 (9th Cir. 2008) [prosecution for PSG]*Gonzalez-Posadas v. A.G.*, 781 F.3d 677 (3d Cir. 2015) [not granted]**(PDF Summary)***Bringas-Rodriguez v. Sessions*, 850 F.3d 1051 (9th Cir. 2017) (en banc) [sexual orientation & sexual identity PSG]*Doe v. A.G*., 956 F.3d 135 (3d Cir. 2020) [sexual orientation PSG]**(PDF Summary)**

**Motions to Reconsider****Zhao v. Gonzales*, 404 F.3d 295 (5th Cir. 2005) [distinguished from MTR]**Singh v. Gonzalez*, 436 F.3d 484 (5th Cir. 2006) [distinguished from MTR]*Prestol Espinal v. A.G.*, 653 F.3d 213 (3d Cir. 2011) [Post-departure bar]- *
*Gonzales Hernandez v. Garland*, No. 19-60274 (5th Cir. Aug. 13, 2021) [difference entre Reconsider and Reopen]**(PDF Summary)**

**Motions to Reopen**- *
*INS v. Abudu*, 485 U.S. 94, 107-108 (1988) [MTR disfavored] - *
*INS v. Doherty*, 502 U.S. 314, 323 (1992) [MTR disfavored] - *
*Ogbemudia v. INS*, 988 F.2d 595 (5th Cir. 1993) [material, unavailable evidence] *In re J-J-*, 1 I&N Dec. 976 (BIA 1997) (en banc)**(PDF Summary)***Konan v. A.G.*, 432 F.3d 497 (3d Cir. 2005)*William v. Gonzales*, 499 F.3d 329 (4th Cir. 2007) [post-departure bar]- *
*Dada v. Mukasey*, 554 U.S. 1 (2008) [with voluntary departure]**(PDF Summary)** *Kucana v. Holder*, 558 U.S. 233 (2010)*Marin-Rodriguez v. Holder*, 612 F.3d 591 (7th Cir. 2010) [post-departure bar]*Coyt v. Holder*, 593 F.3d 902 (9th Cir. 2010) [post-departure bar]*Pruidze v. Holder*, 632 F.3d 234 (6th Cir. 2011) [post-departure bar]*Prestol Espinal v. A.G.*, 653 F.3d 213 (3d Cir. 2011) [post-departure bar]**(PDF Summary)***Reyes Torres v. Holder*, 645 F.3d 1073 (9th Cir. 2011) [post-departure bar]*Luna v. Holder*, 637 F.3d 85 (2d Cir. 2011) [post-departure bar]*Alzaarir v. A.G.*, 39 F.3d 86 (3d Cir. 2011)*Matter of J-G-*, 26 I&N Dec. 161 (BIA 2013)**(PDF Summary)**- *
*Milat v. Holder*, 755 F.3d 354 (5th Cir. 2014) [material, unavailable evidence] *Bamaca-Cifuentes v. A.G.*, 870 F.3d 108 (3d Cir. 2017)**(PDF Summary)***Jean Louis v. A.G.*, 914 F.3d 189 (3d Cir. 2019) [asylum]**(PDF Summary)**- *
*Mejia v. Whitaker*, 913 F.3d 482 (5th Cir. 2019) - *
*Qorane v. Barr*, 919 F.3d 904, 912 (5th Cir. 2019),*cert. denied*, 140 S. Ct. 907 (2020) [material evidence] *Nkomo v. A.G.*, 986 F.3d 268 (3d Cir. 2021) [approved I-130, tolling]- *
*Rodriguez v. Garland*, No. 20-60008 (5th Cir. Sept. 27, 2021) [defective NTA]**(PDF Summary)**

- *

**Motions to Reopen:**EQUITABLE TOLLING*Iavorski v. INS*, 232 F.3d 124, 129-33 (2d Cir. 2000) [IAC]*Socop-Gonzalez v. INS*, 272 F.3d 1176, 1187-93 (9th Cir. 2001) (en banc)*Riley v. INS*, 310 F.3d 1253, 1258 (10th Cir. 2002) [IAC]*Pace v. DiGuglielmo*, 544 U.S. 408, 418 (2005) [diligence + extra]*Borges v. Gonzales*, 402 F.3d 398 (3d Cir. 2005)*Pervaiz v. Gonzales*, 405 F.3d 488, 490 (7th Cir. 2005)*Holland v. Florida*, 560 U.S. 631, 649 (2010) [diligence + extra; “reasonable diligence,” not “maximum feasible diligence,” at 653 q. omitted]*Mezo v. Holder*, 615 F.3d 616, 620 (6th Cir. 2010) [IAC]*Alzaarir v. A.G.*, 639 F.3d 86 (3d Cir. 2011)*Ortega-Marroquin*, 640 F.3d 814, 819-20 (8th Cir. 2011)*Kuusk v. Holder*, 732 F.3d 302, 305 (4th Cir. 2013)*Avila-Santoyo v. Att’y Gen.*, 713 F.3d 1357 (11th Cir. 2013) (en banc)*Lozano v. Montoya Alvarez*, 134 S. Ct. 1224, 1231-32 (2014) [diligence + extra]- *
*Lugo-Resendez v. Lynch*, 831 F.3d 337 (5th Cir. 2016) - *
*Gonzalez-Cantu v. Sessions*, 866 F.3d 302 (5th Cir. 2017) - *
*Mejia v. Barr*, 952 F.3d 255 (5th Cir. 2020)**(PDF Summary)** *Nkomo v. A.G.*, 986 F.3d 268 (3d Cir. 2021)**(PDF Summary)**

**Motions to Reopen:**EXTRAORDINARY CIRCUMSTANCES*Romani v. INS*, 146 F.3d 737 (9th Cir. 1998) [no failure to appear]**(PDF Summary)****In Re Vasquez-Muniz*, 23 I&N Dec. 207 (BIA 2002) [fundamental change in law]*Singh v. INS*, 295 F.3d 1037 (9th Cir. 2002) [late but diligent & eligible]**(PDF Summary)**

*Chete Juarez v. Ashcroft*, 376 F.3d 944 (9th Cir. 2004) [diligence; BIA delay]**(PDF Summary)***Mahmood v. Gonzales*, 427 F.3d 248, 251-52 (3d Cir. 2005) [IAC]**In re Wilson*, 442 F.3d 872 (5th Cir. 2006)- *
*Dada v. Mukasey*, 554 U.S. 1, 12 (2008) [new evidence, changed circs] *Valencia v. Holder*, 657 F.3d 745, 748 (8th Cir. 2011) [IAC]*Singh v. Holder*, 658 F.3d 879, 884 (9th Cir. 2011) [IAC]*Matter of S-L-H- & L-B-L-*, 28 I&N Dec. 318 (BIA 2021) [weather, traffic]**(PDF Summary)**- *
*Gonzales Hernandez v. Garland*, No. 19-60274 (5th Cir. Aug. 13, 2021) [change in law is not exceptional circumstance for MTR]**(PDF Summary)**

**Motions to Reopen:**INEFFECTIVE ASSISTANCE OF COUNSEL*Matter of Lozada*, 19 I&N Dec. 637 (BIA 1988)**(PDF Summary)***Figeroa v. INS*, 886 F.2d 76, 77, 79 (4th Cir. 1989) [failed to pursue relief or submit application]*Esposito v. INS*, 987 F.2d 108, 111 (2d Cir. 1993) [untimely notice of appeal or brief]*Rabiu v. INS*, 41 F.3d 879, 883 (2d Cir. 1994) [failed to pursue relief or submit application]*Matter of Grijalva*, 21 I&N Dec. 472, 473-74 (BIA 1996) [misinformed client about hearing or attendance]*Fong Yang Lo v. Ashcroft*, 341 F.3d 934 (9th Cir. 2003) [misinformed client about hearing or attendance]*Kay v. Ashcroft*, 387 F.3d 664, 676 (7th Cir. 2004) [failed to submit timely or relevant evidence]*Siong v. INS*, 376 F.3d 1030, 1037 (9th Cir. 2004) [untimely notice of appeal or brief]*N’Diom v. Gonzales*, 442 F.3d 494, 496, 499 (6th Cir. 2006) [failed to submit timely or relevant evidence]*Mai v. Gonzales*, 473 F.3d 162, 166-67 (5th Cir. 2006) [admissions, forfeited appeal]*Galvez-Vergara v. Gonzales*, 484 F.3d 798, 801-03 (5th Cir. 2007) [misinformed client about hearing or attendance]*Sanchez v. Keisler*, 505 F.3d 641, 648 (7th Cir. 2007) [failed to pursue relief or submit application]*Aris v. Musakey*, 517 F.3d 595, 599-601 (2d Cir. 2008) [misinformed client about hearing or attendance]*Morales Apolinar v. Mukasey*, 514 F.3d 893, 898 (9th Cir. 2008) [failed to submit timely or relevant evidence]*Nehad v. Mukasey*, 535 F.3d 962, 967-72 (9th Cir. 2008) [pressure for VD]*Singh v. Holder*, 658 F.3d 879, 885-86 (9th Cir. 2011) [failed to maintain eligibility for relief]*Correa-Rivera v. Holder*, 706 F.3d 1128, 1133 (9th Cir. 2013) [failed to pursue relief or submit application]*Habib v. Lynch*, 787 F.3d 826, 832 (7th Cir. 2015) [failed to submit timely or relevant evidence]*Salazar-Gonzalez v. Lynch*, 798 F.3d 917, 920-21 (9th Cir. 2015) [admissions, forfeited appeal]

**Motions to Reopen:**REASONABLE FEAR DETERMINATION*Ortiz-Alfaro v. Holder*, 694 F.3d 955 (9th Cir. 2012)*Andrade-Garcia v. Lynch*, 828 F.3d 829 (9th Cir. 2016)*Ayala v. Sessions*, 855 F.3d 1012 (9th Cir. 2017)**(PDF Summary)***Bartolome v. Sessions*, 904 F.3d 803 (9th Cir. 2018)**(PDF Summary)**

**Motions to Reopen:**SUA SPONTE*In re. G-D-*, 22 I&N Dec. 1132 (BIA 1999)**(PDF Summary)***Cruz v. A.G.*, 452 F.3d 240 (3d Cir. 2006)*Chehazeh v. A.G.*, 666 F.3d 118 (3d Cir. 2012)

*Cordova-Soto v. Holder*, 732 F.3d 789 (7th Cir. 2013)*Ayala v. Sessions*, 855 F.3d 1012 (9th Cir. 2017) [reasonable fear determination]**(PDF Summary)**

*Sang Goo Park v. A.G.*, 846 F.3d 645 (3d Cir. 2017)**(PDF Summary)***Bartolome v. Sessions*, 904 F.3d 803 (9th Cir. 2018)**(PDF Summary)**- *
*Matter of Renata Miranda-Cordiero*, 27 I&N Dec. 551 (BIA 2019)**(PDF Summary)** *Salazar-Marroquin v. Barr*, 969 F.3d 814 (7th Cir. 2020)*Darby v. A.G.*, ___ F.3d ____ (3d Cir. June 17, 2021) (2021 WL 2460986)**(PDF Summary)**

***Naturalization & Inadmissibility***Espinoza-Espinoza v. INS*, 554 F.2d 921 (9th Cir. 1977)*Kungys v. United States*, 485 U.S. 759 (1988)*Muratoski v. Holder*, 622 F.3d 824 (7th Cir. 2010)*Valdez-Munoz v. Holder*, 623 F.3d 1304 (9th Cir. 2010)*Kyon Ho Shin v. Holder*, 607 f.3d 1213 (9th Cir. 2010)*Richmond v. Holder*, 714 F.3d 725 (2d Cir. 2013)*Injeti v. USCIS*, 737 F.3d 311 (4th Cir. 2013)*Matter of Gomez-Beltran*, 26 I&N Dec. 765 (BIA 2016)*Matter of Zhang*, 27 I&N Dec. 569 (BIA 2019) [not entitled to deference by C.D. Ca. 2021 below]- __________
*v. Mayorkas*, C.D. Ca. United States District Court (October 28, 2021)**(PDF Summary)**

**NTA:**SERVICE / RECEIVING NOTICE*In re. G-Y-R-*, 23 I&N Dec. 181 (BIA 2001) (en banc)**(PDF Summary)**- *
*Gomez-Palacios v. Holder*, 560 F.3d 354 (5th Cir. 2009) - *
*Matter of Renata Miranda-Cordiero*, 27 I&N Dec. 551 (BIA 2019)**(PDF Summary)** - *
*Fuentes-Pena v. Barr*, 917 F.3d 827 (5th Cir. 2019)**(PDF Summary)** - *
*Sanchez v. Garland*, —Fed.Appx.—(5th Cir. Aug. 16, 2021) 2021 WL 3630313**UNPUBLISHED****(PDF Summary)**

- *
**NTA, Defective:**In Absentia MTR Context*Rodriguez v. Garland*, No. 20-60008 (5th Cir. Sept. 27, 2021)**(PDF Summary)**

**NTA,**JURISDICTION**Defective**:*Nkomo v. A.G.*, 930 F.3d 129 (3d Cir. 2019)**(PDF Summary)***Matter of Mendoza-Hernandez and Capula-Cortes*, 27 I&N Dec. 520 (BIA 2019) (en banc)**(PDF Summary)**- *
*Santos-Santos v. Barr*, 917 F.3d 486 (6th Cir. 2019) - *
*Pierre-Paul v. Barr*, 930 F.3d 684 (5th Cir. 2019)**(PDF Summary)** - *
*Mejia v. Barr*, 952 F.3d 255 (5th Cir. 2020)**(PDF Summary)** - *
*Matter of Arambula-Bravo*, 28 I&N Dec. 388 (BIA 2021) - *
*Chavez-Chilel v. A.G.*, 20 F.4th 138, 142-44 (3d Cir. 2021) - *
*U.S. v. Catillo-Martinez*, 16 F.4th 906, 914 n.3 (1st Cir. 2021) - *
*Ramos Rafael v. Garland*, 15 F.4th 797 800-01 (6th cir. 2021) - *
*Tino v. Garland*, 13 F.4th 708, 709 n.2 (8th Cir. 2021) (per curiam) - *
*Maniar v. Garland*, 998 F.3d 235, 242 & n.2 (5th cir. 2021) *Matter of Fernandes*, 28 I&N Dec. 605 (BIA 2022) (INA 239(a)(1) is not jurisdictional)**(PDF Summary)**

- *
**NTA, Defective: Claim-Processing Rule***Manrique v. U.S.,*137 S. Ct. 1266, 1272 (2017) (not harmelss error)*Matter of Nchifor*, 28 I&N Dec. 585 (BIA 2022) (termination not warranted)*Matter of Fernandes*, 28 I&N Dec. 605 (BIA 2022) (termination not mandated; prejudice not required)**(PDF Summary)**

**NTA,**STOP-TIME RULE**Defective**:*Pereira v. Sessions*, 585 U.S. ___ (2018)**(PDF Summary)****Matter of Bermudez-Cota*, 27 I&N Dec. 441 (BIA 2018)- *
*Mauricio-Benitez v. Sessions*, 908 F.3d 144 (5th Cir. 2018) **Leonard v. Whitaker*, 746 F. App’x 269 (4th Cir. 2018)- *
*Nkomo v. A.G.*, 930 F.3d 129 (3d Cir. 2019)**(PDF Summary)** **Ali v. Barr*, 924 F.3d 983 (8th Cir. 2019)**Banegas Gomez v. Barr*, 922 F.3d 101 (2d Cir. 2019)**Soriano-Mendosa v. Barr*, 768 F. App’x 796 (10th Cir. 2019)**Karingithi v. Whitaker*, 913 F.3d 1158 (9th Cir. 2019)- *
*Ortiz-Santiago v. Barr*, 924 F.3d 956 (7th Cir. 2019)

*Matter of Mendoza-Hernandez and Capula-Cortes*, 27 I&N Dec. 520 (BIA 2019) (en banc) [This part overruled]**(PDF Summary)**

*Guadalupe v. A.G.*, No. 19-2239 (3d Cir. Feb. 26, 2020)**(PDF Summary)***Matter of Viera-Garcia,*28 I&N Dec. 223 (BIA 2021) [Post-conclusion Vol Departure]**(PDF Summary)**- **
*Niz-Chavez*141 S. Ct. 1474 (April 29, 2021)*v. Garland*,**(PDF Summary)**

**Pardon Waiver Provision***In re Suh*, 23 I&N Dec. 626 (BIA 2003) [controlled substances]*Balogun v. A.G.*, 425 F.3d 1356 (11th Cir. 2005) [controlled substances]*Aguilera-Montero v. Mukasey*, 548 F.3d 1248 (9th Cir. 2008) [controlled substances]*Aristy-Rosa v. A.G.*, 994 F.3d 112 (3d Cir. 2021) [controlled substances]**(PDF Summary)**

**Particular Social Groups:**CIRCULARITY*Rreshpia v. Gonzales*, 420 F.3d 551 (6th Cir. 2005)

- **
**Particular Social Groups:**FOUNDATIONAL CASES*Matter of Acosta*, 19 I&N Dec. 211 (BIA 1985)*Fatin v. INS*, 12 F.3d 1233 (3d Cir. 1993) [Alito]**(PDF Summary)***Matter of C-A-*, 23 I&N Dec. 951 (BIA 2006) [socially visible]**(PDF Summary)***Matter of A-M-E- & J-G-U-*, 24 I&N Dec. 69 (BIA 2007) [socially visible]**(PDF Summary)***Matter of S-E-G-*, 24 I&N Dec. 579 (BIA 2008) [gangs, age]**(PDF Summary)***Matter of M-E-V-G-*, 26 I&N Dec. 227 (BIA 2014) [social visibility clarified]*Matter of W-G-R-*, 26 I&N Dec. 208 (BIA 2014) [particularity, social distinction]

**Particular Social Groups**: SUCCESSFUL*Lukwago v. Ashcroft*, 329 F.3d 157 (2003) [escaped child soldier, Uganda]**(PDF Summary)**

*Konan v. Attorney General*, 432 F.3d 497 (2005) [son of gendarme, Cote d’Ivoire]**(PDF Summary)***Tapiero de Orejuela v. Gonzales*, 423 F.3d 666 (7th Cir. 2005) [educated, landowning cattle farmers]

*Gomez-Zuluaga v. A.G.*, 527 F.3d 330 (3d Cir. 2008) [women who escaped from FARC]**(PDF Summary)***Torres v. Mukasey*, 551 F.3d 616 (7th Cir. 2008) [family]*Garcia v. A.G.*, 665 F.3d 496 (3d Cir. 2011) [persons who testified as witnesses against gang members]**(PDF Summary)***Crespin-Valladares v. Holder*, 632 F.3d 117 (4th Cir. 2011) [family]*Henriquez Rivas v. Holder*, 707 F.3d 1081 (9th Cir. 2013) (en banc) [persons who testified as witnesses against gang members]**(PDF Summary)**- *
*Matter of A-R-C-G-*, 26 I&N Dec. 388 (BIA 2014) [married women in Guatemala unable to leave] *Gonzalez-Posadas v. A.G.*, 781 F.3d 677 (3d Cir. 2015) [homosexual men, Honduras]**(PDF Summary)***Rios v. Lynch*, 807 F.3d 1123, 1128 (9th Cir. 2015) [family as quintessential PSG]**(PDF Summary)***Matter of L-E-A-*, 27 I&N Dec. 40 (BIA 2017) (*L-E-A-*I) [family membership]**(Study)***Parada v. Sessions*, 902 F.3d 901 (9th Cir. 2018) [family membership]*Matter of L-E-A-*, 27 I&N Dec. 581 (A.G. 2019) (*L-E-A-*II) [family membership]*Matter of E-R-A-L-*, 27 I&N Dec. 767 (BIA 2020) [Landowners]**(PDF Summary)***Guzman Orellanas v. A.G.*, No. 19-1793 (3d Cir. April 17, 2020) [persons who publicly provide assistance against major Salvadoran gangs]**(PDF Summary)***Matter of L-E-A-*, 28 I&N Dec. 304 (A.G. 2021) (*L-E-A-*III) [family membership]*Perez Vasquez v. Garland*, 4 F.4th 213 (4th Cir. 2021) [nuclear family; extortion; rich 4th Circuit opinion]*Matter of H-L-S-A-*, 28 I&N Dec. 228 (BIA 2008) [individuals who cooperate with law enforcement]- *
*Plancarte Sauceda v. Garland*, 9 F.4th 1146 (9^{th}Cir. August 20, 2021) [professional nurse]bcz amended.*Now Plancarte Sauceda v. Garland*, 2022 WL 144863 (Jan. 14, 2022)**(PDF Summary)** *Jathursan v. Att’y Gen.*, 14 F.4th 1365 (11th Cir. Nov. 17, 2021) [remanded to consider Tamil Failed Asylum Seekers]**(PDF Summary)**

**Particular Social Groups:**UNSUCCESSFUL*Fatin v. INS*, 12 F.3d 1233 (3d Cir. 1993) [educated feminist Iranian women]**(PDF Summary)***Rreshpia v. Gonzales*, 420 F.3d 551 (6th Cir. 2005) [young attractive women]*Ochoa v. Gonzales*, 406 F.3d 1166 (9th Cir. 2005) [Colombian bus. owners resisting narcos]*In re C-A-*, 23 I&N Dec. 951 (BIA 2006) [noncrim informants w/ cartels]**(PDF Summary)***Arteaga v. Mukasey*, 511 F.3d 940 (9th Cir. 2007): [gang members]*Valdiviezo-Goldamez v. A.G*., 502 F.3d 285 (3d Cir. 2007) [resisting gang recruitment]*Matter of A-M-E- & J-G-U*, 24 I&N Dec. 69 (BIA 2007) [affluence, wealth]**(PDF Summary)***Matter of S-E-G-*, 24 I&N Dec. 579 (BIA 2008)**(PDF Summary)***Davila-Mejia v. Mukasey*, 531 F.3d 624 (8th Cir. 2008) [competing family business owners]*Ahmed v. Holder*, 611 F.3d 90 (1st Cir. 2010) [association with U.S.]*Lizama v. Holder*, 629 F.3d 440 (4th Cir. 2011) [Americanization]*Khan v. A.G.*, 691 F.3d 488 (3d Circuit 2012) [secularized Pakistanis w/ U.S. ties]**(PDF Summary)**

*S.E.R.L. v. A.G.*, 894 F.3d 535 (3d Cir. 2018) [family members Honduran women]**(PDF Summary)**

- *
*Rosales-Reyes v. Garland*, No. 20-2417 (8th Cir., Aug. 4, 2021) [Mexican mothers who refuse to work for the cartel]**(PDF Summary)** - *
*Vazquez-Guerra v. Garland*, 7 F.4th 265 (5th Cir. 2021) [family; catalog of unharmed family members cases]

**Particularly Serious Crimes**- *8 U.S.C. 1231(b)(3)(B)(ii) and (iv)
- *8 C.F.R. 1208.16(d)
- *
*In re Y-L-, A-G-, R-S-R-*, 23 I&N Dec. 270 (A.G. 2002)**(PDF Summary)** - *
*In Re N-A-M-*, 24 I&N Dec. 336 (BIA 2007)**(PDF Summary)** - *
*Gomez-Sanchez v. Sessions*, 892 F.3d 985 (9th Cir. 2018) [non-per-se PSCs] - *
*Guerrero v. Whitaker*, 908 F.3d 541 (9th Cir. 2018) [non-per-se PSCs] **Luziga v. A.G.*, 937 F.3d 244 (3d Cir. 2019) [IJ notice necessary in 3d Cir.]*K.A. v. A.G.*, 997 F.3d 99 (3d Cir. 2021)**(PDF Summary)**- *
*Shazi v. Wilkinson*, 988 F.3d 441 (8th Cir. 2021) [non-per-se PSCs] - *
*Mumad v. Garland*, No. 20-2140 (8th Cir. Aug. 27, 2021) [non-per-se PSCs]**(PDF Summary)**

**Persecution**: DEFINING IT*Matter of Acosta*, 19 I&N Dec.21, 222 (BIA 1985) (“harm or suffering . . . inflicted upon an individual in order to punish him for possessing a belief or characteristic the persecutor sought to overcome.”)**(Summary)***Fatin v. INS*, 12 F.3d 1233 (3d Cir. 1993) [general standard]*Asani v. INS*, 154 F.3d 719 (7th Cir. 1998) [even single beating]*Dandan v. Ashcroft*, 339 F.3d 567 (7th Cir. 2003) [number of incidents]*Mashiri v. Ashcroft*, 383 F.3d 1112 (9th Cir. 2004) [emotional/psychological]*Voci v. A.G.*, 409 F.3d 607 (3d Cir. 2005) [isolated incidents, no injury]*Chavarria v. Gonzalez*, 446 F.3d 508 (3d Cir. 2006) [not all unjust treatment]*Matter of T-Z-*, 24 I&N Dec. 163 (BIA 2007) [not limited to physical harm]**(PDF Summary)***Kibinda v. A.G.*, 447 F.3d 113 (3d Cir. 2007) [medical severity]*Gomez-Zuluaga**v. A.G.*, 527 F.3d 330 (3d Cir. 2008) [death threats, etc.]

**Persecution:**CUMULATIVE EFFECT*Dandan v. Ashcroft*, 339 F.3d 567 (7th Cir. 2003)

*Voci v. Gonzales*, 409 F.3d 607 (3d Cir. 2005)**(PDF Summary)**

*Manzur v. Dep’t of Homeland Sec.*, 494 F.3d 281 (2d Cir. 2007)

*Fei Mei Cheng v. A.G.*, 623 F.3d 175 (3d Cir. 2010)**(PDF Summary)**

**Persecution:**ECONOMIC SANCTIONS*Borca v. INS*, 77 F.3d 210 (7th Cir. 1996)

*Yong Hoo Chen v. INS*, 195 F.3d 198 (4th Cir. 1999)

*Guan Shan Liao v. USDOJ*, 293 F.3d 61 (2d Cir. 2002)

*Ahmed v. Ashcroft*, 341 F.3d 214 (3d Cir. 2003)*Baballah v. Ashcroft*, 367 F.3d 1067 (9th Cir. 2004)*Eduard v. Ashcroft*, 379 F.3d 182 (5th Cir. 2004)

*Li v. A.G.*, 400 F.3d … (3d 2005)**(PDF Summary)***Ahmed v. Gonzales*, 467 F.3d (7th Cir. 2006)

*In re. T-Z-*, 24 I&N Dec. 163 (BIA 2007)**(PDF Summary)***Fei Mei Cheng v. A.G.*, 623 F.3d 175 (3d Cir. 2010)**(PDF Summary)**

**Persecution:**FAMILY PLANNING*Matter of Chang*, 201 I&N Dec. 38 (BIA 1989) [overruled by IIRIRA]*Li v. A.G.*, 400 F.3d … (3d 2005)**(PDF Summary)***Matter of T-Z-*, 24 I&N Dec. 163 (BIA 2007)**(PDF Summary)**

*In re M-F-W- & L-G-*, 24 I&N Dec. 633 (BIA 2008)**(PDF Summary)***Fei Mei Cheng v. A.G.*, 623 F.3d 175 (3d Cir. 2010)**(PDF Summary)**

**Persecution:**GANG VIOLENCE*Lopez-Soto v. Ashcroft*, 383 F.3d 228 (4th Cir. 2004)*Menjivar v. Gonzales*, 416 F.3d 918 (8th Cir. 2005)*Ortiz-Araniba v. Keisler*, 505 F.3d 39 (1st Cir. 2007)

*Matter of S-E-G-*, 24 I&N Dec. 579 (BIA 2008)**(PDF Summary)**

**Persecution:**NEXUS*Konan v. A.G.*, 432 F.3d 497 (2005)**(PDF Summary)***Fei Mei Cheng v. A.G.*, 623 F.3d 175 (3d Cir. 2010)**(PDF Summary)***Ayala v. Sessions*, 855 F.3d 1012 (9th Cir. 2017) [Extortion plus]**(PDF Summary)**

**Persecution:**THREATS*Boykov v. INS*, 109 F.3d 413 (7th Cir. 1997)

*Lim v. INS*, 224 F.3d 929 (9th Cir. 2000)*Li v. A.G.*, 400 F.3d … (3d 2005)**(PDF Summary)**

*Chavarria v. Gonzalez*, 446 F.3d 508 (3d Cir. 2006) [imminent, concrete, menacing]**(PDF Summary)***Sumalia v. A.G.*, No. 189-1342 (3d Cir. March 31, 2020)**(PDF Summary)***Herrera-Reyes v. A.G.*, No. 19-2255 (3d Cir. Feb. 28, 2020) [concrete, menacing]**(PDF Summary)***Doe v. A.G.*, 956 F.3d 135 (3d Cir. 2020)

**Persecution:**WHAT DOESN’T QUALIFY*Abdille v. Ashcroft*, 242 F.3d 477 (3d Cir. 2001) [$ motive]**(PDF Summary)**

*Dandan v. Ashcroft*, 339 F.3d 567 (7th Cir. 2003)

*Konan v. A.G.*, 432 F.3d 497 (3d Cir. 2005) [general unrest]**(PDF Summary)***Voci v. Gonzales*, 409 F.3d 607 (3d Cir. 2005) [single instances of harm]**(PDF Summary)***Shehu v. A.G.*, 482 F.3d 652 (3d Cir. 2007) [criminals motivated by money]**(PDF Summary)***Iztlilco-Morales v. Keisler*, 507 F.3d 651 (8th Cir. 2007) [poor health care for HIV+]*Gonzalez-Posadas v. A.G.*, 781 F.3d 677 (3d Cir. 2015) [isolated criminal acts]**(PDF Summary)***Matter of A-B-*, 27 I&N Dec. 316 (A.G. 2018) [DV/gang violence]**(Summary)**

***Persecutor Bar***Negusie v. Holder*, 555 U.S. 511 (2009)

**Political Opinion / Imputed***INS v. Elias-Zacarias*, 502 U.S. 478 (1992)**(PDF Summary)***Matter of R-O-*, 20 I&N Dec. 455 (BIA 1992)*Voci v. Gonzales*, 409 F.3d 607 (3d Cir. 2005)**(PDF Summary)***Chavarria v. Gonzalez*, 446 F.3d 508 (3d Cir. 2006)**(PDF Summary)***Zacarias-Velasquez v. Mukasey*, 509 F.3d 429 (8th Cir. 2007)*Bartolo-Diego v. Gonzales*, 490 F.3d 1024 (8th Cir. 2007)*Matter of S-E-G-*, 24 I&N Dec. 579 (BIA 2008)**(PDF Summary)***Espinosa-Cortez v. A.G.*, 607 F.3d 101 (3d Cir. 2010)**(PDF Summary)***Matter of N-M-*, 25 I&N Dec. 526 (BIA 2011) [whistleblowing]**(PDF Summary)***Tilija v. A.G.*, 930 F.3d 165 (3d Cir. 2019)**(PDF Summary)***Guzman Orellana v. A.G.*, 956 F.3d 171 (3d Cir. 2020)**(PDF Summary)**

**Post-Departure Bar***William v. Gonzales*, 499 F.3d 329 (4th Cir. 2007)*Marin-Rodriguez v. Holder*, 612 F.3d 591 (7th Cir. 2010)

*Coyt v. Holder*, 593 F.3d 902 (9th Cir. 2010)*Pruidze v. Holder*, 632 F.3d 234 (6th Cir. 2011)*Prestol Espinal v. A.G.*, 653 F.3d 213 (3d Cir. 2011)*Reyes Torres v. Holder*, 645 F.3d 1073 (9th Cir. 2011)*Luna v. Holder*, 637 F.3d 85 (2d Cir. 2011)

*Prestol Espinal v. A.G.*, 653 F.3d 213 (3d Cir. 2011) [MTR, history]**(PDF Summary)**

**REAL ID Act of 2005**: CREDIBILITY*Gao v. Ashcroft*, 299 F.3d 266 (3d Cir. 2002) (superseded: heart of the matter)**(PDF Summary)***Toure v. A.G.*, 443 F.3d 310 (3d Cir. 2006)**(PDF Summary)**

**REAL ID Act:**MIXED MOTIVES*Gomez-Zuluaga v. A.G.*, 527 F.3d 330 (3d Cir. 2008)**(PDF Summary)***In re J-B-N- & S-M-*, 24 I&N Dec. 2008 (BIA 2007)**(PDF Summary)***Ndayshimiye v. A.G.*, 557 f.3d 124 (3d Cir. 2009) (same as ^^)**(PDF Summary)**

**Recission in absentia removal order**22 I&N Dec. 349 (BIA 1998)*In re M-S-*,**(PDF Summary)***Matter of J-G-*, 26 I&N Dec. 161 (BIA 2013)**(PDF Summary)***Matter of S-L-H- & L-B-L-*, 28 I&N Dec. 318 (BIA 2021)**(PDF Summary)**

**Reinstatement of prior removal order***Gonzalez-Posadas v. A.G.*, 781 F.3d 677 (3d Cir. 2015)**(PDF Summary)***Andrade-Garcia v. Lynch*, 828 F.3d 829 (9th Cir. 2016) [reasonable fear determination]*Ayala v. Sessions*, 855 F.3d 1012 (9th Cir. 2017) [reasonable fear determination]**(PDF Summary)***Bartolome v. Sessions*, 904 F.3d 803 (9th Cir. 2018)**(PDF Summary)**

**Removal***Harisiades v. Shaughnessy*, 342 U.S. 580 (1952) [Communist Party]

**Removal of USC***Gallarza v. Szalczyk*, 745 F.3d 634 (3d Cir. 2013)**(Summary)**

**Similarly Situated Family Members***Toure v. A.G.*, 443 F.3d 310 (3d Cir. 2006)**(PDF Summary)***Herrera-Reyes v. A.G.*, No. 19-2255 (3d Cir. Feb. 28, 2020)**(PDF Summary)**

***Suppression (4th Amendment Search & Seizure)**- 8 C.F.R. 287.8(b)(2)
*INS v. Lopez-Mendoza*, 468 U.S. 266 (1973)*Ybarra v. Illinois*, 444 U.S. 85 (1979)*Steagald v. U.S.*, 451 U.S. 204 (1981)*U.S. v. Shaibu*, 920 F2d 1423 (9th Cir. 1990)*Orhorhaghe v. INS*, 38 F.3d 488 (9th Cir. 1994)*Gonzalez-Rivera v. INS*, 22 F.3d 1441 (9th Cir. 1994)*Almeda-Amaral v. Gonzales*, 461 F.3d 231 (2d Cir. 2006)*Lopez-Rodriguez v. Mukasey*, 536 F.3d 1012 (9th Cir. 2008)*Oliva-Ramos v. Att’y Gen.*, 694 F.3d 259 (3d Cir. 2012)*Lopez-Fernandez v. Holder*, 735 F.3d 1043 (8th Cir. 2013)*Cotzojay v. Holder*, 725 F.3d 172 (2d Cir. 2013)*Maldonado v. Holder*, 763 F.3d 155 (2d Cir. 2014)*Yanez-Marquez v. Lynch*, 789 F.3d 434 (4th Cir. 2015)*Sanchez v. Sessions*, 904 F.3d 643 (9th Cir. 2018)

**Termination of Case by IJ***Matter of S-O-G- & F-D-B-*, 27 I&N Dec. 462 (A.G. 2018)

**Torture (under the CAT)***Matter of R-A-F-*, 27 I&N Dec. 778 (A.G. 2020) [poor conditions in MX mental health facility]**(PDF Summary)**

**TPS***Sanchez v. Mayorkas*, 141 S. Ct. 1809 (2021) [TPS & Admission]**(PDF Summary)**

**Visa Waiver Program***Kanacevic v. INS*, 448 F.3d 129 (2d Cir. 2006)*Shehu v. A.G.*, 482 F.3d 652 (3d Cir. 2007)**(PDF Summary)**

**Voluntary Departure**- *
*Matter of Arguelles-Campos*, 22 I&N Dec. 811 (BIA 1999) - *
*Dada v. Mukasey*, 554 U.S. 1 (2008) [with motion to reopen]**(PDF Summary)** 562 F.3d 246 (3d Cir. 2009)*Sandie v. A.G.*,**(PDF Summary)**- *
*Matter of Viera-Garcia,*28 I&N Dec. 223 (BIA 2021) (*overruled in part by Matter of M-F-O-*)**(PDF Summary)** - *
*Posos-Sanchez v. Garland*, 3 F.4th 1176 (9th Cir. 2021) - *
*Matter of M-F-O-*, 28 I&N Dec. 408 (BIA 2021)**(PDF Summary)**

- *

**Waivers of Inadmissibility***Matter of Michel*, 21 I&N Dec. 1101 (BIA 1998) [212(h)]**(PDF Summary)**

**Withholding-Only Proceedings***INS v. Cardoza-Fonseca*, 480 U.S. 421 (1987)*INS v. Aguirre-Aguirre*, 526 U.S. 415 (1999)*Matter of I-S- & C-S-*, 24 I&N Dec. 432 (BIA 2008)*Padilla-Ramirez v. Bible*, 882 F.3d 826 (CA9 2017)

*Guerrero-Sanchez v. Warden YCP*, 905 F.3d 208 (CA3 2018)*Martinez v. LaRose*, 968 F.3d 555 (CA6 2020)

*Nasrallah v. Barr*, 590 U.S. ___ (2020)*Johnson v. Guzman Chavez*, 594 U.S. ___ (2021)**(PDF Summary)**

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