Immigration Index (Full)

  • *Adjustment of Status
    • Matter of R-G-, 8 I&N Dec. 128 (BIA 1958)
    • Matter of Rafipour, 16, I&N Dec. 470 (BIA 1978)
    • Matter of Rainford, 20 I&N Dec. 598 (BIA 1992) [AOS as relief] (PDF Summary)
    • Sanchez v. Mayorkas, 141 S. Ct. 1809 (2021) [TPS & Admission] (PDF Summary)
  • Administrative Closure
    • Matter of Avetisyan, 25 I&N Dec. 688 (BIA 2012) (PDF Summary)
    • Matter of Castro-Tum, 27 I&N Dec. 271 (A.G. 2018) (Overruled by Matter of Cruz-Valdez) (IJ Morley!)
    • Sanchez v. A.G., 997 F.3d 113 (3d Cir. 2021) (PDF Summary)
    • Matter of Cruz-Valdez, 28 I&N Dec. 326 (A.G. 2021)
  • Administrative Exhaustion
    • Bhiski v. Ashcroft, 373 F.3d 363 (3d Cir. 2004)
    • Yan Lan Wu v. Ashcroft, 393 F.3d 418 (3d Cir. 2005)
    • Popal v. Gonzales, 416 F.3d 249 (3d Cir. 2005)
    • Joseph v. A.G., 465 F.3d 123 (3d Cir. 2006)
    • Lin v. A.G., 543 F.3d 114 (3d Cir. 2008) (PDF Summary)
    • Hozha v. Holder, 559 F.3d 157 (3d Cir. 2009)
    • Zhi Fei Liao v. A.G., 910 F.3d 714 (3d Cir. 2018)
    • Nkomo v. A.G., 986 F.3d 268 (3d Cir. 2021) (PDF Summary)
  • *Admissibility
    • Espinoza-Espinoza v. INS, 554 F.2d 921 (9th Cir. 1977)
    • Kungys v. United States, 485 U.S. 759 (1988)
    • Muratoski v. Holder, 622 F.3d 824 (7th Cir. 2010)
    • Valdez-Munoz v. Holder, 623 F.3d 1304 (9th Cir. 2010)
    • Kyon Ho Shin v. Holder, 607 f.3d 1213 (9th Cir. 2010)
    • Richmond v. Holder, 714 F.3d 725 (2d Cir. 2013)
    • Injeti v. USCIS, 737 F.3d 311 (4th Cir. 2013)
    • Matter of Gomez-Beltran, 26 I&N Dec. 765 (BIA 2016)
    • Matter of Zhang, 27 I&N Dec. 569 (BIA 2019) [not entitled to deference by C.D. Ca. 2021 below]
    • __________ v. Mayorkas, C.D. Ca. United States District Court (October 28, 2021) (PDF Summary)
    • Sanchez v. Mayorkas, 141 S. Ct. 1809 (2021) [TPS & Admission] (PDF Summary)
  • Adverse Credibility Determination
    • Balasubramanrim v. INS, 143 F.3d 157 (3d Cir. 1998) [airport interviews]
    • Senathirajah v. INS, 157 F.3d 210 (3d Cir. 1998) [airport interviews] (PDF Summary)
    • Fiadjoe v. A.G., 411 F.3d 135 (3d Cir. 2005) [airport interview; abusive IJ] (PDF Summary)
    • Chukwu v. A.G., 484 F.3d 185 (3d Cir. 2007) (PDF Summary)
    • Lin v. A.G., 543 F.3d 114 (3d Cir. 2008) (PDF Summary)
    • Sunuwar v. A.G., 989 F.3d 239 (3d Cir. 2021) (PDF Summary)
    • *Munyuh v. Garland, No. 19-72890 (9th Cir. August 25, 2021) [trauma; abusive IJ] (PDF Summary)
  • Aggravated Felony
    • Gordon v. A.G., 962 F.3d 134 (11th Cir. 2020)
    • K.A. v. A.G., 997 F.3d 99 (3d Cir. 2021) (PDF Summary)
    • *Talamantes v. A.G., No. 19-15080 (11th Cir. 2021) (PDF Summary)
  • *Appeals Procedure:BIA
    • Jean-Pierre v. U.S. Att’y Gen., 500 F.3d 1315, 1326 (11th Cir. 2007) (reasoned consideration)
    • Perez-Guerrero v. Att’y Gen., 717 F.3d 1224, 1232 (11th Cir. 2013) (reasoned consideration)
    • Seck v. U.S. Att’y Gen., 663 F.3d 1356, 1368-69 (11th Cir. 2011) (reasoned consideration)
    • Jeune v. U.S. Att’y Gen., 810 F.3d 792, 803 (11th Cir. 2016) (reasoned consideration)
    • Ali v. U.S. Att’y Gen., 931 F.3d 1327, 1333 (11th Cir. 2019) (reasoned consideration)
    • Jathursan v. Att’y Gen., 14 F.4th 1365 (11th Cir. 2021) (reasoned consideration) (PDF Summary)
  • Appeals Procedure:CIRCUIT COURTS
    • Khan v. A.G., 691 F.3d 488 (3d Cir. 2012) [premature]
  • Asylum:See also: Adverse Credibility; Changed Country Conditions; Corroboration; Domestic Violence; Gang Violence; Humanitarian Asylum; LGBTQ; Particular Social Group; Particularly Serious Crimes; Persecution; Political Opinion; REAL ID Act
    • Matter of Acosta, 19 I&N Dec. 211 (BIA 1985) (Summary)
  • Asylum: FIRM RESETTLEMENT
  • Asylum: GOVERNMENT CONTROL
    • Fiadjoe v. A.G., 411 F.3d 135 (3d Cir. 2005) [Ghana, Trokosi sect] (PDF Summary)
    • Garcia v. A.G., 665 F.3d 496 (3d Cir. 2011) [Guatemala, testimony] (PDF Summary)
  • Asylum: ONE YEAR DEADLINE
    • Matter of T-M-H- & S-W-C-, 25 I&N Dec. 193 (BIA 2010) (PDF Summary)
    • *Zambrano v. Sessions, 878 F.3d 84 (4th Cir. 2017) (intensification of preexisting threat of persecution counts as changed circumstances)
    • *Salgado-Sosa v. Sessions, 882 F.3d 451 (2018)
    • Matter of D-G-C-, 28 I&N Dec. 297 (BIA 2021) (PDF Summary)
  • Authentication of Documents
    • Sukwanputra v. Gonzales, 434 F.3d 627 (3d Cir. 2006) (PDF Summary)
    • Fei Yan Zhu v. A.G. 744 F.3d 268 (3d Cir. 2014) (PDF Summary)
  • Bond
    • In re Adeniji, 22 I&N Dec. 1102 (BIA 1999)
    • Padilla-Ramirez v. Bible, 882 F.3d 826 (CA9 2017)
    • Guerrero-Sanchez v. Warden YCP, 905 F.3d 208 (CA3 2018)
    • Martinez v. LaRose, 968 F.3d 555 (CA6 2020)
    • Johnson v. Guzman Chavez, 549 U.S. ___ (2021) (PDF Summary)
    • Padilla v. ICE, No. 2:18-cv-928 MJP (W.D. Wash. filed June 25, 2018) [Bond after CFR]
    • Garland v. Gonzalez, No. 20-322 (S. Ct. June 13, 2022) [No class actions] (PDF Summary)
  • Cancellation of Removal
    • Matter of Monreal, 23 I&N Dec. 56 (BIA 2001) [Extraordinary & extremely unusual hardship, uns.] (PDF Summary)
    • Matter of Andazola, 23 I&N Dec. 319 (BIA 2002) [E&EU hardship, unsuccessful] (PDF Summary)
    • Matter of Recinas, 23 I&N Dec. 467 (BIA 2002) [E&EU hardship, successful] (PDF Summary)
    • *Jean-Louis v. Att’y Gen., 582 F.3d 462 (3d Cir. 2009) (PDF Summary)
    • Matter of Strydom, 25 I&N Dec. 507 (BIA 2011) [Violation v. conviction]
    • Matter of Obshatko, 27 I&N Dec. 173 (BIA 2017) [Violation v. conviction] (PDF Summary)
    • Gordon v. A.G., 962 F.3d 134 (11th Cir. 2020)
  • CAT Claims
    • *In re J-E-, 23 I&N Dec. 291 (BIA 2002) (en banc) (PDF Summary)
    • *In re Y-L-, A-G-, R-S-R-, 23 I&N Dec. 270 (A.G. 2002) (PDF Summary)
    • *Auguste v. Ridge, 395 F.3d 123 (3d Cir. 2005)
    • *In re J-F-F-, 23 I&N Dec. 912 (A.G. 2006) (PDF Summary)
    • *Silva-Rengifo, 473 F.3d 58 (3d Cir. 2007)
    • *Kaplun v. A.G., 602 F.3d 260 (3d Cir. 2010) (PDF Summary)
    • *Myrie v. A.G., 855 F.3d 509 (3d Cir. 2017) (PDF Summary)
    • Quinteros v. A.G., 945 F.3d 772 (3d Cir. 2019) (PDF Summary)
    • Matter of R-A-F-, 27 I&N Dec. 778 (A.G. 2020) [poor conditions in MX mental health facility] (PDF Summary)
    • *Matter of O-F-A-S-, 28 I&N Dec. 35 (A.G. 2020) [under color of law] (PDF Summary)
    • *Nasrallah v. Barr, 140 S.Ct. 1683 (2020) [judicial review of factual challenges to CAT order]
    • *Silvestre-Giron v. Barr, 949 F.3d 1114 (8th Cir. 2020) [standard of reversal at Circuit Ct level]
  • Categorical Approach
    • *Taylor v. U.S., 495 U.S. 575 (1990) [non-immigration context]
    • *Singh v. Ashcroft, 383 F.3d 144 (3d Cir. 2004) [modified]
    • *Shepard v. U.S., 544 U.S. 13, 20-21, 26 (2005) [record of conviction]
    • *Nijhawan v. Holder, 557 U.S. 29 (2009)
    • *Jean-Louis v. Att’y Gen., 582 F.3d 462 (3d Cir. 2009) (PDF Summary)
    • *Moncrieffe v. Holder, 569 U.S. 184 (2013)
    • *Descamps v. U.S., 570 U.S. 254 (2013) [non-immigration]
    • *U.S. v. Howard, 742 F.3d 1334 (11th Cir. 2014) [divisibility]
    • *Mathis v. U.S., 136 S. Ct. 2243 (2016)
    • *Matter of Silva-Trevino, 26 I&N Dec. 826 (BIA 2016) [CIMT & categorical]
    • *Esquivel-Quintana v. Sessions, 137 S.Ct. 1562 (2017)
    • *Matter of Obshatko, 27 I&N Dec. 173 (BIA 2017) (PDF Summary)
    • *Guillen v. A.G., 910 F.3d 1174 (11th Cir. 2018)
    • K.A. v. A.G., 997 F.3d 99 (3d Cir. 2021) (PDF Summary)
    • *Pereida v. Wilkinson, 592 U.S. ___, 141 S.Ct. 754 (2021) (PDF Summary)
    • *Talamantes v. A.G., No. 19-15080 (11th Cir. 2021) (PDF Summary)
  • Changed Country Conditions
    • Kaur v. BIA, 413 F.3d 232 (2d Cir. 2005)
    • Wang v. BIA, 437 F.3d 270 (2d Cir. 2006)
    • Shardar v. A.G., 503 F.3d 308 (3d Cir. 2007) (PDF Summary)
    • Khan v. A.G., 691 F.3d 488 (3d Cir. 2012) (PDF Summary)
    • Perez v. Holder, 740 F.3d 57 (9st Cir. 2014)
    • Bamaca-Cifuentes v. A.G., 870 F.3d 108 (3d Cir. 2017) (PDF Summary)
    • Liem v. A.G., 921 F.3d 388 (3d Cir. 2019) (PDF Summary)
    • Lopez-Garcia v. Barr, 969 F.3d 749 (7th Cir. 2020)
    • Baker White v. Wilkinison, 990 F.3d 600 (8th Cir. 2021) (PDF Summary)
    • Darby v. A.G., ___ F.3d ____ (3d Cir. June 17, 2021) (2021 WL 2460986) (PDF Summary)
  • Class Actions
    • Padilla v. ICE, No. 2:18-cv-928 MJP (W.D. Wash. filed June 25, 2018) [Bond after CFR]
    • Garland v. Gonzalez, No. 20-322 (S. Ct. June 13, 2022) [No class actions] (PDF Summary)
  • Continuances
    • Matter of L-A-B-R-, 27 I&N Dec. 405 (A.G. 2018)
  • Continuous Physical Presence
    • De Leon-Ochoa v. A.G., 622 F.3d 341 (3d Cir. 2010) [piggybacking]
  • Corroboration [note lovely circuit split below]
    • In re S-M-J-, 21 I&N Dec. 722 (BIA 1997) (en banc) (PDF Summary)
    • Matter of A-S-, 21 I&N Dec. 1106 (BIA 1998)
    • Senathirajah v. INS, 157 F.3d 210 (3d Cir. 1998) (PDF Summary)
    • Matter of S-A-, 22 I&N Dec. 1328 (BIA 2000) [absence of police report]
    • Abdulai v. Ashcroft, 239 F.3d F42 (3d Cir. 2001) [3-part test] (PDF Summary)
    • Berishaj v. Ashcroft, 37 F.3d 314 (3d Cir. 2004) (Summary)
    • Liu v. Ashcroft, 372 F.3d 529 (3d Cir. 2004) (PDF Summary)
    • Voci v. Gonzales, 409 F.3d 607 (3d Cir. 2005) (PDF Summary)
    • Chukwu v. A.G., 484 F.3d 185 (3d Cir. 2007) [IJ notice necessary] (PDF Summary)
    • Rapheal v. Mukasey, 533 F.3d 521 (7th Cir. 2008) [IJ notice NOT necessary]
    • Sandie v. A.G., 562 F.3d 246 (3d Cir. 2009) (PDF Summary)
    • Liu v. Holder, 575 F.3d 193 (2d Cir. 2009) [IJ notice NOT necessary]
    • Rahimzadeh v. Holder, 613 F.3d 916 (9th Cir. 2010) [absence of police report]
    • Ren v. Holder, 648 F.3d 1079 (9th Cir. 2011) [IJ notice necessary]
    • Zhi v. Holder, 751 F.3d 1088 (9th Cir. 2014) [IJ notice necessary]
    • Hernandez-Avalos v. Lynch, 784 F.3d 944 (4th Cir. 2015) [absence of police report]
    • Matter of L-A-C, 26 I&N Dec. 516 (BIA 2015) [IJ notice NOT necessary]
    • Gaye v. Lynch, 788 F.3d 519 (6th Cir. 2015) [IJ notice NOT necessary]
    • Bringas-Rodriguez v. Sessions, 850 F.3d 1051 (9th Cir. 2017) (en banc) [absence of police report]
    • Saravia v. A.G., 905 F.3d 729 (3d Cir. 2018) [IJ notice necessary in 3d Cir] (PDF Summary)
    • *Luziga v. A.G., 937 F.3d 244 (3d Cir. 2019) [IJ notice necessary in 3d Cir.]
    • Doe v. A.G., 956 F.3d 135 (3d Cir. 2020) [absence of police report] (PDF Summary)
    • *Wambura v. Barr, 980 F.3d 365 (4th Cir. 2020) [following Matter of L-A-C-: IJ notice NOT necessary]
    • *Munyuh v. Garland, No. 19-72890 (9th Cir. August 25, 2021) [IJ notice necessary] (PDF Summary)
  • *Counsel (IAC / Due Process Right)
    • Vides-Vides v. INS, 783 F.2d 1463 (9th Cir. 1986) [right to counsel]
    • Matter of Lozada, 19 I&N Dec. 637 (BIA 1988) [IAC, procedural steps]
    • Castro-O’Ryan v. INS, 847 F.2d 1307 (9th Cir. 1988) [right to counsel]
    • Nazakat v. INS, 981 F.23 1146 (10th Cir. 1992) [right to counsel]
    • U.S. v. Torres-Sanchez, 68 F.3d 227 (8th Cir. 1995) [right to counsel]
    • Nelson v. INS, 232 F.3d 258 (1st cir. 2000) [right to counsel]
    • Lu v. Ashcroft, 259 F.3d 127 (3d Cir. 2001) [IAC]
    • Uspango v. Ashcroft, 289 F.3d 226 (3d Cir. 2002) [right to counsel]
    • Ponce-Leiva v. Ashcroft, 331 f.3d 369 (3d Cir. 2003) [IAC & due process right] (PDF Summary) (Argued by Steven Morley!)
    • Franco-Gonzalez v. Holder, C.D. Ca. 2013 [right to counsel for mentally incompetent respondents]
  • Crimes: AGGRAVATED FELONIES
    • Matter of Ramos, 23 I&N Dec. 336 (BIA 2002) (en banc) [DUI, crimes of violence] (PDF Summary)
    • K.A. v. A.G., 997 F.3d 99 (3d Cir. 2021) (PDF Summary)
  • Crimes: CATEGORICAL APPROACH (see above as well)
    • *Taylor v. U.S., 495 U.S. 575 (1990) [non-immigration context]
    • *Nijhawan v. Holder, 557 U.S. 29 (2009)
    • *Jean-Louis v. Att’y Gen., 582 F.3d 462 (3d Cir. 2009) (PDF Summary)
    • *Descamps v. U.S., 570 U.S. 254 (2013) [non-immigration]
    • *Moncrieffe v. Holder, 569 U.S. 184 (2013)
    • *Esquivel-Quintana v. Sessions, 137 S.Ct. 1562 (2017)
  • *Crimes: CIMTs
    • Matter of P-, 2 I&N Dec. 117, 121 (BIA 1944) [vicious motive or corrupt mind]
    • Matter of Abreu-Semino, 12 I&N Dec. 775, 775 (BIA 1968) [intent]
    • Matter of Medina, 15 I&N Dec. 611 (BIA 1976) [aggr assault]
    • Matter of Flores, 17 I&N Dec. 225, 227 (BIA 1980) [evil or malicious intent]
    • Matter of Wojtkow, 18 I&N Dec. 111 (BIA 1981) [2d manslaughter]
    • Matter of Danesh, 19 I&N Dec. 669 (BIA 1988) [assault]
    • Matter of Short, 20 I&N Dec. 136 (BIA 1989) [simple assault not CIMT]
    • Matter of Perez-Contreras, 20 I&N Dec. 615, 618 (BIA 1992) [“vicious motive & corrupt mind]
    • Matter of Serna, 20 I&N Dec. 579 (BIA 1992)
    • Matter of Franklin, 20 I&N Dec. 867 (BIA 1994) (Invol manslaughter; corrupt mind]
    • Matter of Fualaau, 21 I&N Dec. 475 (BIA 1996)
    • Hamdan v. INS, 98 F.3d 183, 186 (5th Cir. 1996) [corrupt mind]
    • Matter of Khourn, 21 I&N Dec. 1041, 1046 (BIA 1997) [corrupt mind]
    • Matter of Ajami, 22 I&N Dec. 949 (BIA 1999)
    • Michel v. INS, 206 F.3d 253 (2d Cir. 2000) [corrupt scienter]
    • Matter of Torres-Varela, 23 I&N Dec. 78 (BIA 2001)
    • INS v. Ventura, 537 U.S. 12 (2002) [scienter as to age]
    • Knapik v. Ashcroft, 384 F.3d 84, 89 (3d Cir. 2004) [defined]
    • Chanmouny v. Ashcroft, 376 F.3d 810, 814-15 (8th Cir. 2004) [corrupt mind]
    • Rodriguez v. Gonzales, 451 F.3d 60 (2d Cir. 2006)
    • Matter of Sanudo, 23 I&N Dec. 968 (BIA 2006)
    • Matter of Solon, 24 I&N Dec. 239 (BIA 2007) [assault] (PDF Summary)
    • *Jean-Louis v. Att’y Gen., 582 F.3d 462 (3d Cir. 2009) (PDF Summary)
    • Matter of Silva-Trevino, 241 I&N Dec. 687 (A.G. 2008) (“Silva-Trevino I“) (vacated by Matter of Silva-Trevino, 26 I&N Dec. 550 (A.G. 2015) (“Silva-Trevino II“) [scienter as to age]
    • Matter of Silva-Trevino, 26 I&N Dec. 826 (BIA 2016) [CIMT & categorical]
    • Matter of Ortega Lopez (A.G. 2018) [animal fighting]
  • Crimes: CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES
    • In re Suh, 23 I&N Dec. 626 (BIA 2003) [pardon waiver]
    • Balogun v. A.G., 425 F.3d 1356 (11th Cir. 2005) [pardon waiver]
    • Aguilera-Montero v. Mukasey, 548 F.3d 1248 (9th Cir. 2008) [pardon waiver]
    • Aristy-Rosa v. A.G., 994 F.3d 112 (3d Cir. 2021) [pardon waiver] (PDF Summary)
  • Crimes: GENERAL
    • Padilla v. KY, 599 U.S. 356 (2010) [duty to warn client] (PDF Summary)
    • Matter of Medina Jimenez (BIA 2018) [PFA] (Summary)
  • Crimes: PARDON WAIVERS
    • In re Suh, 23 I&N Dec. 626 (BIA 2003) [controlled substances]
    • Balogun v. A.G., 425 F.3d 1356 (11th Cir. 2005) [controlled substances]
    • Aguilera-Montero v. Mukasey, 548 F.3d 1248 (9th Cir. 2008) [controlled substances]
    • Aristy-Rosa v. A.G., 994 F.3d 112 (3d Cir. 2021) [controlled substances] (PDF Summary)
  • Domestic Violence
    • Matter of A-R-C-G-, 26 I&N Dec. 388 (BIA 2014)
    • Matter of Obshatko, 27 I&N Dec. 173 (BIA 2017) [PFA violation] (PDF Summary)
    • Matter of A-B-, 27 I&N Dec. 316 (A.G. 2018) (Summary)
  • *Due Process (Procedural)
    • Due Process Violations from IJ Conduct Quote Collection (PDF)
    • Mathews v. Eldridge, 424 U.S. 319 (1976)
    • Abdulrahman v. Ashcroft 330 F.3d 587 (3d Cir. 2003) [IJ conduct]
    • Dia v. Ashcroft, 353 F.3d 228 (3d Cir. 2003)
    • Wang v. A.G., 423 F.3d 260 (3d Cir. 2005) [IJ conduct]
    • Cham v. A.G., 445 F.3d 683 (3d Cir. 2006) [IJ conduct]
    • Fadiga v. A.G., 488 F.3d 142 (3d Cir. 2007)
    • Abulashvili v. A.G., 663 F.3d 197 (3d Cir. 2011)
    • Serrano-Alberto v. A.G., 859 F.3d 208 (3d Cir. 2017) [IJ conduct]
    • DHS v. Thuraissigiam, 140 S.Ct. 1959 (2020) (PDF Summary)
  • Equitable Tolling
    • Iavorski v. INS, 232 F.3d 124 (2d Cir. 2000)
    • Socop-Gonzalez v. INS, 272 F.3d 1176 (9th Cir. 2001) [filing deadline]
    • Riley v. INS, 310 F.3d 1253 (10th Cir. 2002) [filing deadline]
    • Pace v. DiGuglielmo, 544 U.S. 408 (2005) [diligence + extra circs]
    • Hernandez-Moran v. Gonzales, 408 F.3d 496 (8th Cir. 2005) [filing deadline]
    • Cekic v. INS, 435 F.3d 167 (2d Cir. 2006) [due diligence]
    • Luntungan v. A.G., 499 F.3d 551 (3d Cir. 2006) [number limit]
    • Jian Hua Wang v. BIA, 508 F.3d 710 (2d Cir. 2007) [length of time]
    • Rivera v. Quarterman, 505 F.3d 349 (5th Cir. 2007) [extra circs]
    • Barry v. Mukasey, 524 F.3d 721 (6th Cir. 2008) [filing deadline]
    • Gaberov v. Mukasey, 516 F.3d 590 (7th Cir. 2008) [filing deadline]
    • Xue Yong Zhang v. Holder, 617 F.3d 650 (2d Cir. 2010) [MTR 90 days]
    • Neves v. Holder, 613 F.3d 30 (1st Cir. 2010) [filing deadline]
    • Holland v. Florida, 560 U.S. 631 (2010) [diligence + Extra circs]
    • Alzaarir v. A.G., 639 F.3d 86 (3d Cir. 2011) (per curiam) [filing deadline]
    • Kuusk v. Holder, 732 F.3d 302 (4th Cir. 2013) [filing deadline]
    • Avila-Santoyo v. Att’y Gen., 713 F.3d 1357 (11th Cir. 2013) (per curiam) [filing deadline]
    • Lugo-Resendez v. Lynch, 831 F.3d 337 (5th Cir. 2016) [filing deadline]
    • Ilona v. Barr, 958 F.3d 1225 (9th Cir. 2020) [Changed law = Extra circs]
  • Failure to Appear: MTR, EXCEPTIONAL CIRCUMSTANCES
    • Romani v. INS, 146 F.3d 737 (9th Cir. 1998) [no failure to appear] (PDF Summary)
    • Singh v. INS, 295 F.3d 1037 (9th Cir. 2002) [late but diligent & eligible] (PDF Summary)
    • Chete Juarez v. Ashcroft, 376 F.3d 944 (9th Cir. 2004) [diligence; BIA delay] (PDF Summary)
    • Matter of S-L-H- & L-B-L-, 28 I&N Dec. 318 (BIA 2021) [weather, traffic] (PDF Summary)
  • *Fourth Amendment
    • Quotes from Various Related Cases (PDF Summary)
    • INS v. Lopez-Mendoza, 468 U.S. 1032 (1984) (PDF Summary)
    • Adamson v. C.I.R., 745 F.2d 541 (9th Cir. 1984)
    • Almeida-Amaral v. Gonzales, 461 F.3d 231 (2d Cir. 2006)
    • Kandamar v. Gonzales, 464 F.3d 65 (1st Cir. 2006)
    • Puc-Ruiz v. Holder, 629 F.3d 771 (8th Cir. 2010)
    • Oliva-Ramos v. A.G., 694 F.3d 259 (3d Cir. 2012) (PDF Summary)
  • *Good Moral Character
    • Matter of Castillo-Perez, 27 I&N Dec. 664 (A.G. 2019) [2+ DUI Convictions]
  • *Habeas Corpus Relief
  • Humanitarian Asylum / “Other serious harm”
    • Berishaj v. Ashcroft, 37 F.3d 314 (3d Cir. 2004) (Summary)
    • Sheriff v. A.G., 587 F.3d 584 (3d Cir. 2009) (Summary)
    • Pllumi v. A.G., 642 F.3d 155 (3d Cir. 2011) (Summary)
  • In Absentia Removal
    • Mahmood v. Gonzales, 427 F.3d 248 (3d Cir. 2005) (PDF Summary)
  • Ineffective Assistance of Counsel [see also: MTR below]
    • Lozada v. INS, 857 F.2d 10, 13 (1st Cir. 1988) [due process]
    • Matter of Lozada, 19 I&N Dec. 637 (BIA 1988) (PDF Summary)
    • Iavorski v. INS, 232 F.3d 124, 128-29 (2d Cir. 2000) [due process]
    • Osei v. INS, 305 F.3d 1205, 1208 (10th Cir. 2002) [due process]
    • Mahmood v. Gonzales, 427 F.3d 248 (3d Cir. 2005) (PDF Summary)
    • Allabani v. Gonzales, 402 F.3d 668, 676 (6th Cir. 2005) [due process]
    • Dakane v. Att’y Gen., 399 F.3d 1269, 1273-74 (11th Cir. 2005) [due process]
    • Mai v. Gonzales, 473 F.3d 162, 165 (5th Cir. 2006) [due process]
    • Fadiga v. Att’y Gen., 488 F.3d 142, 155 (3d Cir. 2007) [due process]
    • Nehad v. Mukasey, 535 F.3d 962, 967 (9th Cir. 2008) [due process]
  • Jurisdiction & Judicial Review
    • INS v. Yang, 519 U.S. 26 (1996) [agency discretion]
    • INS v. Ventura, 537 U.S. 12 (2002) (per curiam) [BIA remand]
    • Calle Vujiles v. Ashcroft, 320 F.3d 472 (3d Cir. 2003) [settled course of adj]
    • Vente v. Gonzales, 415 F.3d 296 (3d Cir. 2005) [BIA remand]
    • Cruz v. A.G., 452 F.3d 240 (3d Cir. 2006) [BIA’s sua sponte MTR denial]
    • Chehazeh v. A.G., 666 F.3d 118 (3d Cir. 2012) [BIA’s sua sponte MTR denial]
    • *Guerrero-Lasprilla v. Barr, 140 S.Ct. 1062 (U.S. 2020)
    • *Nasrallah v. Barr, 140 S.Ct. 1683 (U.S. 2020) [Circuit Court review of factual challenges to CAT order]
  • LGBTQ Persecution
    • Matter of Toboso-Alfonso, 20 I&N Dec. 819 (BIA 1990) [sexual orientation PSG]
    • Hernandez-Montiel v. INS, 225 F.3d 1084 (9th Cir. 2000), overruled on other grounds by Thomas v. Gonzales, 409 F.3d 1177 (9th Cir. 2005) [transgender PSG]
    • Amanfi v. Ashcroft, 328 F.3d 719 (3d Cir. 2003) [sexual orientation PSG]
    • Nabulwala v. Gonzales, 481 f.3d 1115 (8th Cir. 2007) [lesbians PSG]
    • Bromfield v. Mukasey, 543 F.3d 1071 (9th Cir. 2008) [prosecution for PSG]
    • Gonzalez-Posadas v. A.G., 781 F.3d 677 (3d Cir. 2015) [not granted] (PDF Summary)
    • Bringas-Rodriguez v. Sessions, 850 F.3d 1051 (9th Cir. 2017) (en banc) [sexual orientation & sexual identity PSG]
    • Doe v. A.G., 956 F.3d 135 (3d Cir. 2020) [sexual orientation PSG] (PDF Summary)
  • Motions to Reconsider
    • *Zhao v. Gonzales, 404 F.3d 295 (5th Cir. 2005) [distinguished from MTR]
    • *Singh v. Gonzalez, 436 F.3d 484 (5th Cir. 2006) [distinguished from MTR]
    • Prestol Espinal v. A.G., 653 F.3d 213 (3d Cir. 2011) [Post-departure bar]
    • *Gonzales Hernandez v. Garland, No. 19-60274 (5th Cir. Aug. 13, 2021) [difference entre Reconsider and Reopen] (PDF Summary)
  • Motions to Reopen
    • *INS v. Abudu, 485 U.S. 94, 107-108 (1988) [MTR disfavored]
    • *INS v. Doherty, 502 U.S. 314, 323 (1992) [MTR disfavored]
    • *Ogbemudia v. INS, 988 F.2d 595 (5th Cir. 1993) [material, unavailable evidence]
    • In re J-J-, 1 I&N Dec. 976 (BIA 1997) (en banc) (PDF Summary)
    • Konan v. A.G., 432 F.3d 497 (3d Cir. 2005)
    • William v. Gonzales, 499 F.3d 329 (4th Cir. 2007) [post-departure bar]
    • *Dada v. Mukasey, 554 U.S. 1 (2008) [with voluntary departure] (PDF Summary)
    • Kucana v. Holder, 558 U.S. 233 (2010)
    • Marin-Rodriguez v. Holder, 612 F.3d 591 (7th Cir. 2010) [post-departure bar]
    • Coyt v. Holder, 593 F.3d 902 (9th Cir. 2010) [post-departure bar]
    • Pruidze v. Holder, 632 F.3d 234 (6th Cir. 2011) [post-departure bar]
    • Prestol Espinal v. A.G., 653 F.3d 213 (3d Cir. 2011) [post-departure bar] (PDF Summary)
    • Reyes Torres v. Holder, 645 F.3d 1073 (9th Cir. 2011) [post-departure bar]
    • Luna v. Holder, 637 F.3d 85 (2d Cir. 2011) [post-departure bar]
    • Alzaarir v. A.G., 39 F.3d 86 (3d Cir. 2011)
    • Matter of J-G-, 26 I&N Dec. 161 (BIA 2013) (PDF Summary)
    • *Milat v. Holder, 755 F.3d 354 (5th Cir. 2014) [material, unavailable evidence]
    • Bamaca-Cifuentes v. A.G., 870 F.3d 108 (3d Cir. 2017) (PDF Summary)
    • Jean Louis v. A.G., 914 F.3d 189 (3d Cir. 2019) [asylum] (PDF Summary)
    • *Mejia v. Whitaker, 913 F.3d 482 (5th Cir. 2019)
    • *Qorane v. Barr, 919 F.3d 904, 912 (5th Cir. 2019), cert. denied, 140 S. Ct. 907 (2020) [material evidence]
    • Nkomo v. A.G., 986 F.3d 268 (3d Cir. 2021) [approved I-130, tolling]
    • *Rodriguez v. Garland, No. 20-60008 (5th Cir. Sept. 27, 2021) [defective NTA] (PDF Summary)
  • Motions to Reopen: EQUITABLE TOLLING
    • Iavorski v. INS, 232 F.3d 124, 129-33 (2d Cir. 2000) [IAC]
    • Socop-Gonzalez v. INS, 272 F.3d 1176, 1187-93 (9th Cir. 2001) (en banc)
    • Riley v. INS, 310 F.3d 1253, 1258 (10th Cir. 2002) [IAC]
    • Pace v. DiGuglielmo, 544 U.S. 408, 418 (2005) [diligence + extra]
    • Borges v. Gonzales, 402 F.3d 398 (3d Cir. 2005)
    • Pervaiz v. Gonzales, 405 F.3d 488, 490 (7th Cir. 2005)
    • Holland v. Florida, 560 U.S. 631, 649 (2010) [diligence + extra; “reasonable diligence,” not “maximum feasible diligence,” at 653 q. omitted]
    • Mezo v. Holder, 615 F.3d 616, 620 (6th Cir. 2010) [IAC]
    • Alzaarir v. A.G., 639 F.3d 86 (3d Cir. 2011)
    • Ortega-Marroquin, 640 F.3d 814, 819-20 (8th Cir. 2011)
    • Kuusk v. Holder, 732 F.3d 302, 305 (4th Cir. 2013)
    • Avila-Santoyo v. Att’y Gen., 713 F.3d 1357 (11th Cir. 2013) (en banc)
    • Lozano v. Montoya Alvarez, 134 S. Ct. 1224, 1231-32 (2014) [diligence + extra]
    • *Lugo-Resendez v. Lynch, 831 F.3d 337 (5th Cir. 2016)
    • *Gonzalez-Cantu v. Sessions, 866 F.3d 302 (5th Cir. 2017)
    • *Mejia v. Barr, 952 F.3d 255 (5th Cir. 2020) (PDF Summary)
    • Nkomo v. A.G., 986 F.3d 268 (3d Cir. 2021) (PDF Summary)
  • Motions to Reopen: EXTRAORDINARY CIRCUMSTANCES
    • Romani v. INS, 146 F.3d 737 (9th Cir. 1998) [no failure to appear] (PDF Summary)*In Re Vasquez-Muniz, 23 I&N Dec. 207 (BIA 2002) [fundamental change in law]Singh v. INS, 295 F.3d 1037 (9th Cir. 2002) [late but diligent & eligible] (PDF Summary)
    • Chete Juarez v. Ashcroft, 376 F.3d 944 (9th Cir. 2004) [diligence; BIA delay] (PDF Summary)
    • Mahmood v. Gonzales, 427 F.3d 248, 251-52 (3d Cir. 2005) [IAC]
    • *In re Wilson, 442 F.3d 872 (5th Cir. 2006)
    • *Dada v. Mukasey, 554 U.S. 1, 12 (2008) [new evidence, changed circs]
    • Valencia v. Holder, 657 F.3d 745, 748 (8th Cir. 2011) [IAC]
    • Singh v. Holder, 658 F.3d 879, 884 (9th Cir. 2011) [IAC]
    • Matter of S-L-H- & L-B-L-, 28 I&N Dec. 318 (BIA 2021) [weather, traffic] (PDF Summary)
    • *Gonzales Hernandez v. Garland, No. 19-60274 (5th Cir. Aug. 13, 2021) [change in law is not exceptional circumstance for MTR] (PDF Summary)
  • Motions to Reopen: INEFFECTIVE ASSISTANCE OF COUNSEL
    • Matter of Lozada, 19 I&N Dec. 637 (BIA 1988) (PDF Summary)
    • Figeroa v. INS, 886 F.2d 76, 77, 79 (4th Cir. 1989) [failed to pursue relief or submit application]
    • Esposito v. INS, 987 F.2d 108, 111 (2d Cir. 1993) [untimely notice of appeal or brief]
    • Rabiu v. INS, 41 F.3d 879, 883 (2d Cir. 1994) [failed to pursue relief or submit application]
    • Matter of Grijalva, 21 I&N Dec. 472, 473-74 (BIA 1996) [misinformed client about hearing or attendance]
    • Fong Yang Lo v. Ashcroft, 341 F.3d 934 (9th Cir. 2003) [misinformed client about hearing or attendance]
    • Kay v. Ashcroft, 387 F.3d 664, 676 (7th Cir. 2004) [failed to submit timely or relevant evidence]
    • Siong v. INS, 376 F.3d 1030, 1037 (9th Cir. 2004) [untimely notice of appeal or brief]
    • N’Diom v. Gonzales, 442 F.3d 494, 496, 499 (6th Cir. 2006) [failed to submit timely or relevant evidence]
    • Mai v. Gonzales, 473 F.3d 162, 166-67 (5th Cir. 2006) [admissions, forfeited appeal]
    • Galvez-Vergara v. Gonzales, 484 F.3d 798, 801-03 (5th Cir. 2007) [misinformed client about hearing or attendance]
    • Sanchez v. Keisler, 505 F.3d 641, 648 (7th Cir. 2007) [failed to pursue relief or submit application]
    • Aris v. Musakey, 517 F.3d 595, 599-601 (2d Cir. 2008) [misinformed client about hearing or attendance]
    • Morales Apolinar v. Mukasey, 514 F.3d 893, 898 (9th Cir. 2008) [failed to submit timely or relevant evidence]
    • Nehad v. Mukasey, 535 F.3d 962, 967-72 (9th Cir. 2008) [pressure for VD]
    • Singh v. Holder, 658 F.3d 879, 885-86 (9th Cir. 2011) [failed to maintain eligibility for relief]
    • Correa-Rivera v. Holder, 706 F.3d 1128, 1133 (9th Cir. 2013) [failed to pursue relief or submit application]
    • Habib v. Lynch, 787 F.3d 826, 832 (7th Cir. 2015) [failed to submit timely or relevant evidence]
    • Salazar-Gonzalez v. Lynch, 798 F.3d 917, 920-21 (9th Cir. 2015) [admissions, forfeited appeal]
  • Motions to Reopen: REASONABLE FEAR DETERMINATION
    • Ortiz-Alfaro v. Holder, 694 F.3d 955 (9th Cir. 2012)
    • Andrade-Garcia v. Lynch, 828 F.3d 829 (9th Cir. 2016)
    • Ayala v. Sessions, 855 F.3d 1012 (9th Cir. 2017) (PDF Summary)
    • Bartolome v. Sessions, 904 F.3d 803 (9th Cir. 2018) (PDF Summary)
  • Motions to Reopen: SUA SPONTE
    • In re. G-D-, 22 I&N Dec. 1132 (BIA 1999) (PDF Summary)
    • Cruz v. A.G., 452 F.3d 240 (3d Cir. 2006)
    • Chehazeh v. A.G., 666 F.3d 118 (3d Cir. 2012)
    • Cordova-Soto v. Holder, 732 F.3d 789 (7th Cir. 2013)
    • Ayala v. Sessions, 855 F.3d 1012 (9th Cir. 2017) [reasonable fear determination] (PDF Summary)
    • Sang Goo Park v. A.G., 846 F.3d 645 (3d Cir. 2017) (PDF Summary)
    • Bartolome v. Sessions, 904 F.3d 803 (9th Cir. 2018) (PDF Summary)
    • *Matter of Renata Miranda-Cordiero, 27 I&N Dec. 551 (BIA 2019) (PDF Summary)
    • Salazar-Marroquin v. Barr, 969 F.3d 814 (7th Cir. 2020)
    • Darby v. A.G., ___ F.3d ____ (3d Cir. June 17, 2021) (2021 WL 2460986) (PDF Summary)
  • *Naturalization & Inadmissibility
    • Espinoza-Espinoza v. INS, 554 F.2d 921 (9th Cir. 1977)
    • Kungys v. United States, 485 U.S. 759 (1988)
    • Muratoski v. Holder, 622 F.3d 824 (7th Cir. 2010)
    • Valdez-Munoz v. Holder, 623 F.3d 1304 (9th Cir. 2010)
    • Kyon Ho Shin v. Holder, 607 f.3d 1213 (9th Cir. 2010)
    • Richmond v. Holder, 714 F.3d 725 (2d Cir. 2013)
    • Injeti v. USCIS, 737 F.3d 311 (4th Cir. 2013)
    • Matter of Gomez-Beltran, 26 I&N Dec. 765 (BIA 2016)
    • Matter of Zhang, 27 I&N Dec. 569 (BIA 2019) [not entitled to deference by C.D. Ca. 2021 below]
    • __________ v. Mayorkas, C.D. Ca. United States District Court (October 28, 2021) (PDF Summary)
  • NTA: SERVICE / RECEIVING NOTICE
    • In re. G-Y-R-, 23 I&N Dec. 181 (BIA 2001) (en banc) (PDF Summary)
    • *Gomez-Palacios v. Holder, 560 F.3d 354 (5th Cir. 2009)
    • *Matter of Renata Miranda-Cordiero, 27 I&N Dec. 551 (BIA 2019) (PDF Summary)
    • *Fuentes-Pena v. Barr, 917 F.3d 827 (5th Cir. 2019) (PDF Summary)
    • *Sanchez v. Garland, —Fed.Appx.—(5th Cir. Aug. 16, 2021) 2021 WL 3630313 UNPUBLISHED (PDF Summary)
  • *NTA, Defective: In Absentia MTR Context
    • Rodriguez v. Garland, No. 20-60008 (5th Cir. Sept. 27, 2021) (PDF Summary)
  • NTA, Defective: JURISDICTION
    • Nkomo v. A.G., 930 F.3d 129 (3d Cir. 2019) (PDF Summary)
    • Matter of Mendoza-Hernandez and Capula-Cortes, 27 I&N Dec. 520 (BIA 2019) (en banc) (PDF Summary)
    • *Santos-Santos v. Barr, 917 F.3d 486 (6th Cir. 2019)
    • * Pierre-Paul v. Barr, 930 F.3d 684 (5th Cir. 2019) (PDF Summary)
    • *Mejia v. Barr, 952 F.3d 255 (5th Cir. 2020) (PDF Summary)
    • *Matter of Arambula-Bravo, 28 I&N Dec. 388 (BIA 2021)
    • *Chavez-Chilel v. A.G., 20 F.4th 138, 142-44 (3d Cir. 2021)
    • * U.S. v. Catillo-Martinez, 16 F.4th 906, 914 n.3 (1st Cir. 2021)
    • *Ramos Rafael v. Garland, 15 F.4th 797 800-01 (6th cir. 2021)
    • *Tino v. Garland, 13 F.4th 708, 709 n.2 (8th Cir. 2021) (per curiam)
    • *Maniar v. Garland, 998 F.3d 235, 242 & n.2 (5th cir. 2021)
    • Matter of Fernandes, 28 I&N Dec. 605 (BIA 2022) (INA 239(a)(1) is not jurisdictional) (PDF Summary)
  • *NTA, Defective: Claim-Processing Rule
    • Manrique v. U.S., 137 S. Ct. 1266, 1272 (2017) (not harmelss error)
    • Matter of Nchifor, 28 I&N Dec. 585 (BIA 2022) (termination not warranted)
    • Matter of Fernandes, 28 I&N Dec. 605 (BIA 2022) (termination not mandated; prejudice not required) (PDF Summary)
  • NTA, Defective: STOP-TIME RULE
    • Pereira v. Sessions, 585 U.S. ___ (2018) (PDF Summary)
    • *Matter of Bermudez-Cota, 27 I&N Dec. 441 (BIA 2018)
    • *Mauricio-Benitez v. Sessions, 908 F.3d 144 (5th Cir. 2018)
    • *Leonard v. Whitaker, 746 F. App’x 269 (4th Cir. 2018)
    • *Nkomo v. A.G., 930 F.3d 129 (3d Cir. 2019) (PDF Summary)
    • *Ali v. Barr, 924 F.3d 983 (8th Cir. 2019)
    • *Banegas Gomez v. Barr, 922 F.3d 101 (2d Cir. 2019)
    • *Soriano-Mendosa v. Barr, 768 F. App’x 796 (10th Cir. 2019)
    • *Karingithi v. Whitaker, 913 F.3d 1158 (9th Cir. 2019)
    • *Ortiz-Santiago v. Barr, 924 F.3d 956 (7th Cir. 2019)
    • Matter of Mendoza-Hernandez and Capula-Cortes, 27 I&N Dec. 520 (BIA 2019) (en banc) [This part overruled] (PDF Summary)
    • Guadalupe v. A.G., No. 19-2239 (3d Cir. Feb. 26, 2020) (PDF Summary)
    • Matter of Viera-Garcia, 28 I&N Dec. 223 (BIA 2021) [Post-conclusion Vol Departure] (PDF Summary)
    • **Niz-Chavez v. Garland, 141 S. Ct. 1474 (April 29, 2021) (PDF Summary)
  • Pardon Waiver Provision
    • In re Suh, 23 I&N Dec. 626 (BIA 2003) [controlled substances]
    • Balogun v. A.G., 425 F.3d 1356 (11th Cir. 2005) [controlled substances]
    • Aguilera-Montero v. Mukasey, 548 F.3d 1248 (9th Cir. 2008) [controlled substances]
    • Aristy-Rosa v. A.G., 994 F.3d 112 (3d Cir. 2021) [controlled substances] (PDF Summary)
  • Particular Social Groups: CIRCULARITY
    • Rreshpia v. Gonzales, 420 F.3d 551 (6th Cir. 2005)
  • **Particular Social Groups: FOUNDATIONAL CASES
    • Matter of Acosta, 19 I&N Dec. 211 (BIA 1985) [immutability]
    • Fatin v. INS, 12 F.3d 1233 (3d Cir. 1993) [Alito] (PDF Summary)
    • Matter of C-A-, 23 I&N Dec. 951 (BIA 2006) [socially visible] (PDF Summary)
    • Matter of A-M-E- & J-G-U-, 24 I&N Dec. 69 (BIA 2007) [socially visible] (PDF Summary)
    • Matter of S-E-G-, 24 I&N Dec. 579 (BIA 2008) [gangs, age] (PDF Summary)
    • Matter of M-E-V-G-, 26 I&N Dec. 227 (BIA 2014) [social visibility clarified]
    • Matter of W-G-R-, 26 I&N Dec. 208 (BIA 2014) [particularity, social distinction]
  • Particular Social Groups: SUCCESSFUL
    • Lukwago v. Ashcroft, 329 F.3d 157 (2003) [escaped child soldier, Uganda] (PDF Summary)
    • Konan v. Attorney General, 432 F.3d 497 (2005) [son of gendarme, Cote d’Ivoire] (PDF Summary)
    • Tapiero de Orejuela v. Gonzales, 423 F.3d 666 (7th Cir. 2005) [educated, landowning cattle farmers]
    • Gomez-Zuluaga v. A.G., 527 F.3d 330 (3d Cir. 2008) [women who escaped from FARC] (PDF Summary)
    • Torres v. Mukasey, 551 F.3d 616 (7th Cir. 2008) [family]
    • Garcia v. A.G., 665 F.3d 496 (3d Cir. 2011) [persons who testified as witnesses against gang members] (PDF Summary)
    • Crespin-Valladares v. Holder, 632 F.3d 117 (4th Cir. 2011) [family]
    • Henriquez Rivas v. Holder, 707 F.3d 1081 (9th Cir. 2013) (en banc) [persons who testified as witnesses against gang members] (PDF Summary)
    • *Matter of A-R-C-G-, 26 I&N Dec. 388 (BIA 2014) [married women in Guatemala unable to leave]
    • Gonzalez-Posadas v. A.G., 781 F.3d 677 (3d Cir. 2015) [homosexual men, Honduras] (PDF Summary)
    • Rios v. Lynch, 807 F.3d 1123, 1128 (9th Cir. 2015) [family as quintessential PSG] (PDF Summary)
    • Matter of L-E-A-, 27 I&N Dec. 40 (BIA 2017) (L-E-A- I) [family membership] (Study)
    • Parada v. Sessions, 902 F.3d 901 (9th Cir. 2018) [family membership]
    • Matter of L-E-A-, 27 I&N Dec. 581 (A.G. 2019) (L-E-A- II) [family membership]
    • Matter of E-R-A-L-, 27 I&N Dec. 767 (BIA 2020) [Landowners] (PDF Summary)
    • Guzman Orellanas v. A.G., No. 19-1793 (3d Cir. April 17, 2020) [persons who publicly provide assistance against major Salvadoran gangs] (PDF Summary)
    • Matter of L-E-A-, 28 I&N Dec. 304 (A.G. 2021) (L-E-A- III) [family membership]
    • Perez Vasquez v. Garland, 4 F.4th 213 (4th Cir. 2021) [nuclear family; extortion; rich 4th Circuit opinion]
    • Matter of H-L-S-A-, 28 I&N Dec. 228 (BIA 2008) [individuals who cooperate with law enforcement]
    • *Plancarte Sauceda v. Garland, 9 F.4th 1146 (9th Cir. August 20, 2021) [professional nurse] Now Plancarte Sauceda v. Garland, 2022 WL 144863 (Jan. 14, 2022) bcz amended. (PDF Summary)
    • Jathursan v. Att’y Gen., 14 F.4th 1365 (11th Cir. Nov. 17, 2021) [remanded to consider Tamil Failed Asylum Seekers] (PDF Summary)
  • Particular Social Groups: UNSUCCESSFUL
    • Fatin v. INS, 12 F.3d 1233 (3d Cir. 1993) [educated feminist Iranian women] (PDF Summary)
    • Rreshpia v. Gonzales, 420 F.3d 551 (6th Cir. 2005) [young attractive women]
    • Ochoa v. Gonzales, 406 F.3d 1166 (9th Cir. 2005) [Colombian bus. owners resisting narcos]
    • In re C-A-, 23 I&N Dec. 951 (BIA 2006) [noncrim informants w/ cartels] (PDF Summary)
    • Arteaga v. Mukasey, 511 F.3d 940 (9th Cir. 2007): [gang members]
    • Valdiviezo-Goldamez v. A.G., 502 F.3d 285 (3d Cir. 2007) [resisting gang recruitment]
    • Matter of A-M-E- & J-G-U, 24 I&N Dec. 69 (BIA 2007) [affluence, wealth] (PDF Summary)
    • Matter of S-E-G-, 24 I&N Dec. 579 (BIA 2008) (PDF Summary)
    • Davila-Mejia v. Mukasey, 531 F.3d 624 (8th Cir. 2008) [competing family business owners]
    • Ahmed v. Holder, 611 F.3d 90 (1st Cir. 2010) [association with U.S.]
    • Lizama v. Holder, 629 F.3d 440 (4th Cir. 2011) [Americanization]
    • Khan v. A.G., 691 F.3d 488 (3d Circuit 2012) [secularized Pakistanis w/ U.S. ties] (PDF Summary)
    • S.E.R.L. v. A.G., 894 F.3d 535 (3d Cir. 2018) [family members Honduran women] (PDF Summary)
    • *Rosales-Reyes v. Garland, No. 20-2417 (8th Cir., Aug. 4, 2021) [Mexican mothers who refuse to work for the cartel] (PDF Summary)
    • *Vazquez-Guerra v. Garland, 7 F.4th 265 (5th Cir. 2021) [family; catalog of unharmed family members cases]
  • Particularly Serious Crimes
    • *8 U.S.C. 1231(b)(3)(B)(ii) and (iv)
    • *8 C.F.R. 1208.16(d)
    • *In re Y-L-, A-G-, R-S-R-, 23 I&N Dec. 270 (A.G. 2002) (PDF Summary)
    • *In Re N-A-M-, 24 I&N Dec. 336 (BIA 2007) (PDF Summary)
    • *Gomez-Sanchez v. Sessions, 892 F.3d 985 (9th Cir. 2018) [non-per-se PSCs]
    • *Guerrero v. Whitaker, 908 F.3d 541 (9th Cir. 2018) [non-per-se PSCs]
    • *Luziga v. A.G., 937 F.3d 244 (3d Cir. 2019) [IJ notice necessary in 3d Cir.]
    • K.A. v. A.G., 997 F.3d 99 (3d Cir. 2021) (PDF Summary)
    • *Shazi v. Wilkinson, 988 F.3d 441 (8th Cir. 2021) [non-per-se PSCs]
    • *Mumad v. Garland, No. 20-2140 (8th Cir. Aug. 27, 2021) [non-per-se PSCs] (PDF Summary)
  • Persecution: DEFINING IT
    • Matter of Acosta, 19 I&N Dec.21, 222 (BIA 1985) (“harm or suffering . . . inflicted upon an individual in order to punish him for possessing a belief or characteristic the persecutor sought to overcome.”) (Summary)
    • Fatin v. INS, 12 F.3d 1233 (3d Cir. 1993) [general standard]
    • Asani v. INS, 154 F.3d 719 (7th Cir. 1998) [even single beating]
    • Dandan v. Ashcroft, 339 F.3d 567 (7th Cir. 2003) [number of incidents]
    • Mashiri v. Ashcroft, 383 F.3d 1112 (9th Cir. 2004) [emotional/psychological]
    • Voci v. A.G., 409 F.3d 607 (3d Cir. 2005) [isolated incidents, no injury]
    • Chavarria v. Gonzalez, 446 F.3d 508 (3d Cir. 2006) [not all unjust treatment]
    • Matter of T-Z-, 24 I&N Dec. 163 (BIA 2007) [not limited to physical harm] (PDF Summary)
    • Kibinda v. A.G., 447 F.3d 113 (3d Cir. 2007) [medical severity]
    • Gomez-Zuluaga v. A.G., 527 F.3d 330 (3d Cir. 2008) [death threats, etc.]
  • Persecution: CUMULATIVE EFFECT
    • Dandan v. Ashcroft, 339 F.3d 567 (7th Cir. 2003)
    • Manzur v. Dep’t of Homeland Sec., 494 F.3d 281 (2d Cir. 2007)
    • Fei Mei Cheng v. A.G., 623 F.3d 175 (3d Cir. 2010) (PDF Summary)
  • Persecution: ECONOMIC SANCTIONS
    • Borca v. INS, 77 F.3d 210 (7th Cir. 1996)
    • Yong Hoo Chen v. INS, 195 F.3d 198 (4th Cir. 1999)
    • Guan Shan Liao v. USDOJ, 293 F.3d 61 (2d Cir. 2002)
    • Ahmed v. Ashcroft, 341 F.3d 214 (3d Cir. 2003)
    • Baballah v. Ashcroft, 367 F.3d 1067 (9th Cir. 2004)
    • Eduard v. Ashcroft, 379 F.3d 182 (5th Cir. 2004)
    • Li v. A.G., 400 F.3d … (3d 2005) (PDF Summary)
    • Ahmed v. Gonzales, 467 F.3d (7th Cir. 2006)
  • Persecution: FAMILY PLANNING
    • Matter of Chang, 201 I&N Dec. 38 (BIA 1989) [overruled by IIRIRA]
    • Li v. A.G., 400 F.3d … (3d 2005) (PDF Summary)
    • Matter of T-Z-, 24 I&N Dec. 163 (BIA 2007) (PDF Summary)
  • Persecution: GANG VIOLENCE
    • Lopez-Soto v. Ashcroft, 383 F.3d 228 (4th Cir. 2004)
    • Menjivar v. Gonzales, 416 F.3d 918 (8th Cir. 2005)
    • Ortiz-Araniba v. Keisler, 505 F.3d 39 (1st Cir. 2007)
  • Persecution: NEXUS
    • Konan v. A.G., 432 F.3d 497 (2005) (PDF Summary)
    • Fei Mei Cheng v. A.G., 623 F.3d 175 (3d Cir. 2010) (PDF Summary)
    • Ayala v. Sessions, 855 F.3d 1012 (9th Cir. 2017) [Extortion plus] (PDF Summary)
  • Persecution: THREATS
    • Boykov v. INS, 109 F.3d 413 (7th Cir. 1997)
    • Lim v. INS, 224 F.3d 929 (9th Cir. 2000)
    • Li v. A.G., 400 F.3d … (3d 2005) (PDF Summary)
    • Chavarria v. Gonzalez, 446 F.3d 508 (3d Cir. 2006) [imminent, concrete, menacing] (PDF Summary)
    • Sumalia v. A.G., No. 189-1342 (3d Cir. March 31, 2020) (PDF Summary)
    • Herrera-Reyes v. A.G., No. 19-2255 (3d Cir. Feb. 28, 2020) [concrete, menacing] (PDF Summary)
    • Doe v. A.G., 956 F.3d 135 (3d Cir. 2020)
  • Persecution: WHAT DOESN’T QUALIFY
    • Abdille v. Ashcroft, 242 F.3d 477 (3d Cir. 2001) [$ motive] (PDF Summary)
    • Dandan v. Ashcroft, 339 F.3d 567 (7th Cir. 2003)
    • Konan v. A.G., 432 F.3d 497 (3d Cir. 2005) [general unrest] (PDF Summary)
    • Voci v. Gonzales, 409 F.3d 607 (3d Cir. 2005) [single instances of harm] (PDF Summary)
    • Shehu v. A.G., 482 F.3d 652 (3d Cir. 2007) [criminals motivated by money] (PDF Summary)
    • Iztlilco-Morales v. Keisler, 507 F.3d 651 (8th Cir. 2007) [poor health care for HIV+]
    • Gonzalez-Posadas v. A.G., 781 F.3d 677 (3d Cir. 2015) [isolated criminal acts] (PDF Summary)
    • Matter of A-B-, 27 I&N Dec. 316 (A.G. 2018) [DV/gang violence] (Summary)
  • *Persecutor Bar
    • Negusie v. Holder, 555 U.S. 511 (2009)
  • Political Opinion / Imputed
    • INS v. Elias-Zacarias, 502 U.S. 478 (1992) (PDF Summary)
    • Matter of R-O-, 20 I&N Dec. 455 (BIA 1992)
    • Voci v. Gonzales, 409 F.3d 607 (3d Cir. 2005) (PDF Summary)
    • Chavarria v. Gonzalez, 446 F.3d 508 (3d Cir. 2006) (PDF Summary)
    • Zacarias-Velasquez v. Mukasey, 509 F.3d 429 (8th Cir. 2007)
    • Bartolo-Diego v. Gonzales, 490 F.3d 1024 (8th Cir. 2007)
    • Matter of S-E-G-, 24 I&N Dec. 579 (BIA 2008) (PDF Summary)
    • Espinosa-Cortez v. A.G., 607 F.3d 101 (3d Cir. 2010) (PDF Summary)
    • Matter of N-M-, 25 I&N Dec. 526 (BIA 2011) [whistleblowing] (PDF Summary)
    • Tilija v. A.G., 930 F.3d 165 (3d Cir. 2019) (PDF Summary)
    • Guzman Orellana v. A.G., 956 F.3d 171 (3d Cir. 2020) (PDF Summary)
  • Post-Departure Bar
    • William v. Gonzales, 499 F.3d 329 (4th Cir. 2007)
    • Marin-Rodriguez v. Holder, 612 F.3d 591 (7th Cir. 2010)
    • Coyt v. Holder, 593 F.3d 902 (9th Cir. 2010)
    • Pruidze v. Holder, 632 F.3d 234 (6th Cir. 2011)
    • Prestol Espinal v. A.G., 653 F.3d 213 (3d Cir. 2011)
    • Reyes Torres v. Holder, 645 F.3d 1073 (9th Cir. 2011)
    • Luna v. Holder, 637 F.3d 85 (2d Cir. 2011)
    • Prestol Espinal v. A.G., 653 F.3d 213 (3d Cir. 2011) [MTR, history] (PDF Summary)
  • REAL ID Act of 2005: CREDIBILITY
    • Gao v. Ashcroft, 299 F.3d 266 (3d Cir. 2002) (superseded: heart of the matter) (PDF Summary)
    • Toure v. A.G., 443 F.3d 310 (3d Cir. 2006) (PDF Summary)
  • REAL ID Act: MIXED MOTIVES
    • Gomez-Zuluaga v. A.G., 527 F.3d 330 (3d Cir. 2008) (PDF Summary)
    • In re J-B-N- & S-M-, 24 I&N Dec. 2008 (BIA 2007) (PDF Summary)
    • Ndayshimiye v. A.G., 557 f.3d 124 (3d Cir. 2009) (same as ^^) (PDF Summary)
  • Recission in absentia removal order
  • Reinstatement of prior removal order
    • Gonzalez-Posadas v. A.G., 781 F.3d 677 (3d Cir. 2015) (PDF Summary)
    • Andrade-Garcia v. Lynch, 828 F.3d 829 (9th Cir. 2016) [reasonable fear determination]
    • Ayala v. Sessions, 855 F.3d 1012 (9th Cir. 2017) [reasonable fear determination] (PDF Summary)
    • Bartolome v. Sessions, 904 F.3d 803 (9th Cir. 2018) (PDF Summary)
  • Removal
    • Harisiades v. Shaughnessy, 342 U.S. 580 (1952) [Communist Party]
  • Removal of USC
    • Gallarza v. Szalczyk, 745 F.3d 634 (3d Cir. 2013) (Summary)
  • Similarly Situated Family Members
    • Toure v. A.G., 443 F.3d 310 (3d Cir. 2006) (PDF Summary)
    • Herrera-Reyes v. A.G., No. 19-2255 (3d Cir. Feb. 28, 2020) (PDF Summary)
  • *Suppression (4th Amendment Search & Seizure)
    • 8 C.F.R. 287.8(b)(2)
    • INS v. Lopez-Mendoza, 468 U.S. 266 (1973)
    • Ybarra v. Illinois, 444 U.S. 85 (1979)
    • Steagald v. U.S., 451 U.S. 204 (1981)
    • U.S. v. Shaibu, 920 F2d 1423 (9th Cir. 1990)
    • Orhorhaghe v. INS, 38 F.3d 488 (9th Cir. 1994)
    • Gonzalez-Rivera v. INS, 22 F.3d 1441 (9th Cir. 1994)
    • Almeda-Amaral v. Gonzales, 461 F.3d 231 (2d Cir. 2006)
    • Lopez-Rodriguez v. Mukasey, 536 F.3d 1012 (9th Cir. 2008)
    • Oliva-Ramos v. Att’y Gen., 694 F.3d 259 (3d Cir. 2012)
    • Lopez-Fernandez v. Holder, 735 F.3d 1043 (8th Cir. 2013)
    • Cotzojay v. Holder, 725 F.3d 172 (2d Cir. 2013)
    • Maldonado v. Holder, 763 F.3d 155 (2d Cir. 2014)
    • Yanez-Marquez v. Lynch, 789 F.3d 434 (4th Cir. 2015)
    • Sanchez v. Sessions, 904 F.3d 643 (9th Cir. 2018)
  • Termination of Case by IJ
    • Matter of S-O-G- & F-D-B-, 27 I&N Dec. 462 (A.G. 2018)
  • Torture (under the CAT)
    • Matter of R-A-F-, 27 I&N Dec. 778 (A.G. 2020) [poor conditions in MX mental health facility] (PDF Summary)
  • TPS
    • Sanchez v. Mayorkas, 141 S. Ct. 1809 (2021) [TPS & Admission] (PDF Summary)
  • Visa Waiver Program
    • Kanacevic v. INS, 448 F.3d 129 (2d Cir. 2006)
    • Shehu v. A.G., 482 F.3d 652 (3d Cir. 2007) (PDF Summary)
  • Voluntary Departure
    • *Matter of Arguelles-Campos, 22 I&N Dec. 811 (BIA 1999)
    • *Dada v. Mukasey, 554 U.S. 1 (2008) [with motion to reopen] (PDF Summary)
    • Sandie v. A.G., 562 F.3d 246 (3d Cir. 2009) (PDF Summary)
    • *Matter of Viera-Garcia, 28 I&N Dec. 223 (BIA 2021) (overruled in part by Matter of M-F-O-) (PDF Summary)
    • *Posos-Sanchez v. Garland, 3 F.4th 1176 (9th Cir. 2021)
    • *Matter of M-F-O-, 28 I&N Dec. 408 (BIA 2021) (PDF Summary)
  • Waivers of Inadmissibility
    • Matter of Michel, 21 I&N Dec. 1101 (BIA 1998) [212(h)] (PDF Summary)
  • Withholding-Only Proceedings
    • INS v. Cardoza-Fonseca, 480 U.S. 421 (1987)
    • INS v. Aguirre-Aguirre, 526 U.S. 415 (1999)
    • Matter of I-S- & C-S-, 24 I&N Dec. 432 (BIA 2008)
    • Padilla-Ramirez v. Bible, 882 F.3d 826 (CA9 2017)
    • Guerrero-Sanchez v. Warden YCP, 905 F.3d 208 (CA3 2018)
    • Martinez v. LaRose, 968 F.3d 555 (CA6 2020)
    • Nasrallah v. Barr, 590 U.S. ___ (2020)
    • Johnson v. Guzman Chavez, 594 U.S. ___ (2021) (PDF Summary)
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