Immigration Index (Full)

  • Administrative Closure
    • Matter of Castro-Tum, 27 I&N Dec. 271 (A.G. 2018) (Overruled by Matter of Cruz-Valdez)
    • Sanchez v. A.G., 997 F.3d 113 (3d Cir. 2021) (PDF Summary)
    • Matter of Cruz-Valdez, 28 I&N Dec. 326 (A.G. 2021)
  • Administrative Exhaustion
    • Bhiski v. Ashcroft, 373 F.3d 363 (3d Cir. 2004)
    • Yan Lan Wu v. Ashcroft, 393 F.3d 418 (3d Cir. 2005)
    • Popal v. Gonzales, 416 F.3d 249 (3d Cir. 2005)
    • Joseph v. A.G., 465 F.3d 123 (3d Cir. 2006)
    • Lin v. A.G., 543 F.3d 114 (3d Cir. 2008) (PDF Summary)
    • Hozha v. Holder, 559 F.3d 157 (3d Cir. 2009)
    • Zhi Fei Liao v. A.G., 910 F.3d 714 (3d Cir. 2018)
    • Nkomo v. A.G., 986 F.3d 268 (3d Cir. 2021) (PDF Summary)
  • Adverse Credibility Determination
    • Balasubramanrim v. INS, 143 F.3d 157 (3d Cir. 1998) [airport interviews]
    • Senathirajah v. INS, 157 F.3d 210 (3d Cir. 1998) [airport interviews] (PDF Summary)
    • Fiadjoe v. A.G., 411 F.3d 135 (3d Cir. 2005) [airport interview; abusive IJ] (PDF Summary)
  • Aggravated Felony
  • Appeals Procedure: BIA
  • Appeals Procedure: CIRCUIT COURTS
    • Khan v. A.G., 691 F.3d 488 (3d Cir. 2012) [premature]
  • Asylum: FIRM RESETTLEMENT
  • Asylum: GOVERNMENT CONTROL
    • Fiadjoe v. A.G., 411 F.3d 135 (3d Cir. 2005) [Ghana, Trokosi sect] (PDF Summary)
    • Garcia v. A.G., 665 F.3d 496 (3d Cir. 2011) [Guatemala, testimony] (PDF Summary)
  • Asylum: ONE YEAR DEADLINE
  • Authentication of Documents
  • Bond
    • In re Adeniji, 22 I&N Dec. 1102 (BIA 1999)
    • Padilla-Ramirez v. Bible, 882 F.3d 826 (CA9 2017)
    • Guerrero-Sanchez v. Warden YCP, 905 F.3d 208 (CA3 2018)
    • Martinez v. LaRose, 968 F.3d 555 (CA6 2020)
    • Johnson v. Guzman Chavez, 549 U.S. ___ (2021) (PDF Summary)
  • Cancellation of Removal
    • Matter of Strydom, 25 I&N Dec. 507 (BIA 2011) [Violation v. conviction]
    • Matter of Obshatko, 27 I&N Dec. 173 (BIA 2017) [Violation v. conviction] (PDF Summary)
  • CAT Claims
  • Categorical Approach
  • Changed Country Conditions
    • Kaur v. BIA, 413 F.3d 232 (2d Cir. 2005)
    • Wang v. BIA, 437 F.3d 270 (2d Cir. 2006)
    • Shardar v. A.G., 503 F.3d 308 (3d Cir. 2007) (PDF Summary)
    • Khan v. A.G., 691 F.3d 488 (3d Cir. 2012) (PDF Summary)
    • Perez v. Holder, 740 F.3d 57 (9st Cir. 2014)
    • Bamaca-Cifuentes v. A.G., 870 F.3d 108 (3d Cir. 2017) (PDF Summary)
    • Liem v. A.G., 921 F.3d 388 (3d Cir. 2019) (PDF Summary)
    • Lopez-Garcia v. Barr, 969 F.3d 749 (7th Cir. 2020)
    • Baker White v. Wilkinison, 990 F.3d 600 (8th Cir. 2021) (PDF Summary)
    • Darby v. A.G., ___ F.3d ____ (3d Cir. June 17, 2021) (2021 WL 2460986) (PDF Summary)
  • Continuances
    • Matter of L-A-B-R-, 27 I&N Dec. 405 (A.G. 2018)
  • Continuous Physical Presence
    • De Leon-Ochoa v. A.G., 622 F.3d 341 (3d Cir. 2010) [piggybacking]
  • Corroboration
    • In re S-M-J-, 21 I&N Dec. 722 (BIA 1997) (en banc) (PDF Summary)
    • Senathirajah v. INS, 157 F.3d 210 (3d Cir. 1998) (PDF Summary)
    • Matter of S-A-, 22 I&N Dec. 1328 (BIA 2000) [absence of police report]
    • Abdulai v. Ashcroft, 239 F.3d F42 (3d Cir. 2001) [3-part test] (PDF Summary)
    • Berishaj v. Ashcroft, 37 F.3d 314 (3d Cir. 2004) (Summary)
    • Liu v. Ashcroft, 372 F.3d 529 (3d Cir. 2004) (PDF Summary)
    • Voci v. Gonzales, 409 F.3d 607 (3d Cir. 2005) (PDF Summary)
    • Chukwu v. A.G., 484 F.3d 185 (3d Cir. 2007) [IJ notice necessary] (PDF Summary)
    • Rapheal v. Mukasey, 533 F.3d 521 (7th Cir. 2008) [IJ notice NOT necessary]
    • Sandie v. A.G., 562 F.3d 246 (3d Cir. 2009) (PDF Summary)
    • Liu v. Holder, 575 F.3d 193 (2d Cir. 2009) [IJ notice NOT necessary]
    • Rahimzadeh v. Holder, 613 F.3d 916 (9th Cir. 2010) [absence of police report]
    • Ren v. Holder, 648 F.3d 1079 (9th Cir. 2011) [IJ notice necessary]
    • Zhi v. Holder, 751 F.3d 1088 (9th Cir. 2014) [IJ notice necessary]
    • Hernandez-Avalos v. Lynch, 784 F.3d 944 (4th Cir. 2015) [absence of police report]
    • Matter of L-A-C, 26 I&N Dec. 516 (BIA 2015) [IJ notice NOT necessary]
    • Gaye v. Lynch, 788 F.3d 519 (6th Cir. 2015) [IJ notice NOT necessary]
    • Bringas-Rodriguez v. Sessions, 850 F.3d 1051 (9th Cir. 2017) (en banc) [absence of police report]
    • Saravia v. A.G., 905 F.3d 729 (3d Cir. 2018) [IJ notice necessary in 3d Cir] (PDF Summary)
    • Doe v. A.G., 956 F.3d 135 (3d Cir. 2020) [absence of police report] (PDF Summary)
  • Crimes: AGGRAVATED FELONIES
    • Matter of Ramos, 23 I&N Dec. 336 (BIA 2002) (en banc) [DUI, crimes of violence] (PDF Summary)
    • K.A. v. A.G., 997 F.3d 99 (3d Cir. 2021) (PDF Summary)
  • Crimes: CATEGORICAL APPROACH
  • Crimes: CIMTs
    • Matter of Ortega Lopez (A.G. 2018) [animal fighting]
  • Crimes: CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES
    • In re Suh, 23 I&N Dec. 626 (BIA 2003) [pardon waiver]
    • Balogun v. A.G., 425 F.3d 1356 (11th Cir. 2005) [pardon waiver]
    • Aguilera-Montero v. Mukasey, 548 F.3d 1248 (9th Cir. 2008) [pardon waiver]
    • Aristy-Rosa v. A.G., 994 F.3d 112 (3d Cir. 2021) [pardon waiver] (PDF Summary)
  • Crimes: GENERAL
    • Padilla v. KY, 599 U.S. 356 (2010) [duty to warn client] (PDF Summary)
    • Matter of Medina Jimenez (BIA 2018) [PFA] (Summary)
  • Crimes: PARDON WAIVERS
    • In re Suh, 23 I&N Dec. 626 (BIA 2003) [controlled substances]
    • Balogun v. A.G., 425 F.3d 1356 (11th Cir. 2005) [controlled substances]
    • Aguilera-Montero v. Mukasey, 548 F.3d 1248 (9th Cir. 2008) [controlled substances]
    • Aristy-Rosa v. A.G., 994 F.3d 112 (3d Cir. 2021) [controlled substances] (PDF Summary)
  • Detention & Removal
    • Zadvydas v. Davis, 533 U.S. 678 (2001) (PDF Summary)
    • Demore v. Kim US (2003)
  • Domestic Violence
    • Matter of Obshatko, 27 I&N Dec. 173 (BIA 2017) [PFA violation] (PDF Summary)
    • Matter of A-B-, 27 I&N Dec. 316 (A.G. 2018) (Summary)
  • **Equitable Tolling
    • Iavorski v. INS, 232 F.3d 124 (2d Cir. 2000)
    • Cekic v. INS, 435 F.3d 167 (2d Cir. 2006) [due diligence]
    • Jian Hua Wang v. BIA, 508 F.3d 710 (2d Cir. 2007) [length of time]
    • Rivera v. Quarterman, 505 F.3d 349 (5th Cir. 2007) [extra circs]
    • Xue Yong Zhang v. Holder, 617 F.3d 650 (2d Cir. 2010) [MTR 90 days]
    • Holland v. Florida, 560 U.S. 631 (2010) [diligence + Extra circs]
    • Ilona v. Barr, 958 F.3d 1225 (9th Cir. 2020) [Changed law = Extra circs]
  • Failure to Appear: MTR, EXCEPTIONAL CIRCUMSTANCES
    • Romani v. INS, 146 F.3d 737 (9th Cir. 1998) [no failure to appear] (PDF Summary)
    • Singh v. INS, 295 F.3d 1037 (9th Cir. 2002) [late but diligent & eligible] (PDF Summary)
    • Chete Juarez v. Ashcroft, 376 F.3d 944 (9th Cir. 2004) [diligence; BIA delay] (PDF Summary)
    • Matter of S-L-H- & L-B-L-, 28 I&N Dec. 318 (BIA 2021) [weather, traffic] (PDF Summary)
  • Gang Violence
    • Matter of S-E-G-, 24 I&N Dec. 579 (BIA 2008) (PDF Summary)
    • Matter of A-B-, 27 I&N Dec. 316 (A.G. 2018) (Summary)
  • Humanitarian Asylum / “Other serious harm”
    • Berishaj v. Ashcroft, 37 F.3d 314 (3d Cir. 2004) (Summary)
    • Sheriff v. A.G., 587 F.3d 584 (3d Cir. 2009) (Summary)
    • Pllumi v. A.G., 642 F.3d 155 (3d Cir. 2011) (Summary)
  • In Absentia Removal
    • Mahmood v. Gonzales, 427 F.3d 248 (3d Cir. 2005) (PDF Summary)
  • Ineffective Assistance of Counsel
    • Matter of Lozada, 19 I&N Dec. 637 (BIA 1988) (PDF Summary)
    • Mahmood v. Gonzales, 427 F.3d 248 (3d Cir. 2005) (PDF Summary)
  • Jurisdiction & Judicial Review
    • INS v. Yang, 519 U.S. 26 (1996) [agency discretion]
    • INS v. Ventura, 537 U.S. 12 (2002) (per curiam) [BIA remand]
    • Calle Vujiles v. Ashcroft, 320 F.3d 472 (3d Cir. 2003) [settled course of adj]
    • Vente v. Gonzales, 415 F.3d 296 (3d Cir. 2005) [BIA remand]
    • Cruz v. A.G., 452 F.3d 240 (3d Cir. 2006) [BIA’s sua sponte MTR denial]
    • Chehazeh v. A.G., 666 F.3d 118 (3d Cir. 2012) [BIA’s sua sponte MTR denial]
  • LGBTQ Persecution
    • Matter of Toboso-Alfonso, 20 I&N Dec. 819 (BIA 1990) [sexual orientation PSG]
    • Hernandez-Montiel v. INS, 225 F.3d 1084 (9th Cir. 2000), overruled on other grounds by Thomas v. Gonzales, 409 F.3d 1177 (9th Cir. 2005) [transgender PSG]
    • Amanfi v. Ashcroft, 328 F.3d 719 (3d Cir. 2003) [sexual orientation PSG]
    • Nabulwala v. Gonzales, 481 f.3d 1115 (8th Cir. 2007) [lesbians PSG]
    • Bromfield v. Mukasey, 543 F.3d 1071 (9th Cir. 2008) [prosecution for PSG]
    • Gonzalez-Posadas v. A.G., 781 F.3d 677 (3d Cir. 2015) [not granted] (PDF Summary)
    • Bringas-Rodriguez v. Sessions, 850 F.3d 1051 (9th Cir. 2017) (en banc) [sexual orientation & sexual identity PSG]
    • Doe v. A.G., 956 F.3d 135 (3d Cir. 2020) [sexual orientation PSG] (PDF Summary)
  • Motions to Reconsider
    • Prestol Espinal v. A.G., 653 F.3d 213 (3d Cir. 2011) [Post-departure bar]
  • Motions to Reopen
    • In re J-J-, 1 I&N Dec. 976 (BIA 1997) (en banc) (PDF Summary)
    • Konan v. A.G., 432 F.3d 497 (3d Cir. 2005)
    • William v. Gonzales, 499 F.3d 329 (4th Cir. 2007) [post-departure bar]
    • Dada v. Mukasey, 554 U.S. 1 (2008)
    • Kucana v. Holder, 558 U.S. 233 (2010)
    • Marin-Rodriguez v. Holder, 612 F.3d 591 (7th Cir. 2010) [post-departure bar]
    • Coyt v. Holder, 593 F.3d 902 (9th Cir. 2010) [post-departure bar]
    • Pruidze v. Holder, 632 F.3d 234 (6th Cir. 2011) [post-departure bar]
    • Prestol Espinal v. A.G., 653 F.3d 213 (3d Cir. 2011) [post-departure bar] (PDF Summary)
    • Reyes Torres v. Holder, 645 F.3d 1073 (9th Cir. 2011) [post-departure bar]
    • Luna v. Holder, 637 F.3d 85 (2d Cir. 2011) [post-departure bar]
    • Alzaarir v. A.G., 39 F.3d 86 (3d Cir. 2011)
    • Matter of J-G-, 26 I&N Dec. 161 (BIA 2013) (PDF Summary)
    • Bamaca-Cifuentes v. A.G., 870 F.3d 108 (3d Cir. 2017) (PDF Summary)
    • Jean Louis v. A.G., 914 F.3d 189 (3d Cir. 2019) [asylum] (PDF Summary)
    • Nkomo v. A.G., 986 F.3d 268 (3d Cir. 2021) [approved I-130, tolling]
  • Motions to Reopen: EQUITABLE TOLLING
    • Borges v. Gonzales, 402 F.3d 398 (3d Cir. 2005)
    • Alzaarir v. A.G., 639 F.3d 86 (3d Cir. 2011)
    • Nkomo v. A.G., 986 F.3d 268 (3d Cir. 2021) (PDF Summary)
  • Motions to Reopen: EXCEPTIONAL CIRCUMSTANCES
    • Romani v. INS, 146 F.3d 737 (9th Cir. 1998) [no failure to appear] (PDF Summary)
    • Singh v. INS, 295 F.3d 1037 (9th Cir. 2002) [late but diligent & eligible] (PDF Summary)
    • Chete Juarez v. Ashcroft, 376 F.3d 944 (9th Cir. 2004) [diligence; BIA delay] (PDF Summary)
    • Matter of S-L-H- & L-B-L-, 28 I&N Dec. 318 (BIA 2021) [weather, traffic] (PDF Summary)
  • Motions to Reopen: REASONABLE FEAR DETERMINATION
    • Ortiz-Alfaro v. Holder, 694 F.3d 955 (9th Cir. 2012)
    • Andrade-Garcia v. Lynch, 828 F.3d 829 (9th Cir. 2016)
    • Ayala v. Sessions, 855 F.3d 1012 (9th Cir. 2017) (PDF Summary)
    • Bartolome v. Sessions, 904 F.3d 803 (9th Cir. 2018) (PDF Summary)
  • Motions to Reopen: SUA SPONTE
    • In re. G-D-, 22 I&N Dec. 1132 (BIA 1999) (PDF Summary)
    • Cruz v. A.G., 452 F.3d 240 (3d Cir. 2006)
    • Chehazeh v. A.G., 666 F.3d 118 (3d Cir. 2012)
    • Cordova-Soto v. Holder, 732 F.3d 789 (7th Cir. 2013)
    • Ayala v. Sessions, 855 F.3d 1012 (9th Cir. 2017) [reasonable fear determination] (PDF Summary)
    • Sang Goo Park v. A.G., 846 F.3d 645 (3d Cir. 2017) (PDF Summary)
    • Bartolome v. Sessions, 904 F.3d 803 (9th Cir. 2018) (PDF Summary)
    • Salazar-Marroquin v. Barr, 969 F.3d 814 (7th Cir. 2020)
    • Darby v. A.G., ___ F.3d ____ (3d Cir. June 17, 2021) (2021 WL 2460986) (PDF Summary)
  • NTA: SERVICE / RECEIVING NOTICE
    • In re. G-Y-R-, 23 I&N Dec. 181 (BIA 2001) (en banc) (PDF Summary)
  • NTA, Defective: JURISDICTION
    • Nkomo v. A.G., 930 F.3d 129 (3d Cir. 2019) (PDF Summary)
    • Matter of Mendoza-Hernandez and Capula-Cortes, 27 I&N Dec. 520 (BIA 2019) (en banc) (PDF Summary)
  • NTA, Defective: STOP-TIME RULE
    • Pereira v. Sessions, 585 U.S. ___ (2018) (PDF Summary)
    • Matter of Mendoza-Hernandez and Capula-Cortes, 27 I&N Dec. 520 (BIA 2019) (en banc) [This part overruled] (PDF Summary)
    • Guadalupe v. A.G., No. 19-2239 (3d Cir. Feb. 26, 2020) (PDF Summary)
    • Matter of Viera-Garcia, 28 I&N Dec. 223 (BIA 2021) [Post-conclusion Vol Departure] (PDF Summary)
    • **Niz-Chavez v. Garland, 141 S. Ct. 1474 (April 29, 2021) (PDF Summary)
  • Pardon Waiver Provision
    • In re Suh, 23 I&N Dec. 626 (BIA 2003) [controlled substances]
    • Balogun v. A.G., 425 F.3d 1356 (11th Cir. 2005) [controlled substances]
    • Aguilera-Montero v. Mukasey, 548 F.3d 1248 (9th Cir. 2008) [controlled substances]
    • Aristy-Rosa v. A.G., 994 F.3d 112 (3d Cir. 2021) [controlled substances] (PDF Summary)
  • Particular Social Groups: CIRCULARITY
    • Rreshpia v. Gonzales, 420 F.3d 551 (6th Cir. 2005)
  • **Particular Social Groups: FOUNDATIONAL CASES
    • Matter of Acosta, 19 I&N Dec. 211 (BIA 1985) [immutability]
    • Fatin v. INS, 12 F.3d 1233 (3d Cir. 1993) [Alito] (PDF Summary)
    • Matter of C-A-, 23 I&N Dec. 951 (BIA 2006) [socially visible] (PDF Summary)
    • Matter of A-M-E- & J-G-U-, 24 I&N Dec. 69 (BIA 2007) [socially visible] (PDF Summary)
    • Matter of S-E-G-, 24 I&N Dec. 579 (BIA 2008) [gangs, age] (PDF Summary)
  • Particular Social Groups: SUCCESSFUL
    • Lukwago v. Ashcroft, 329 F.3d 157 (2003) [escaped child soldier, Uganda] (PDF Summary)
    • Konan v. Attorney General, 432 F.3d 497 (2005) [son of gendarme, Cote d’Ivoire] (PDF Summary)
    • Tapiero de Orejuela v. Gonzales, 423 F.3d 666 (7th Cir. 2005) [educated, landowning cattle farmers]
    • Gomez-Zuluaga v. A.G., 527 F.3d 330 (3d Cir. 2008) [women who escaped from FARC] (PDF Summary)
    • Torres v. Mukasey, 551 F.3d 616 (7th Cir. 2008) [family]
    • Garcia v. A.G., 665 F.3d 496 (3d Cir. 2011) [persons who testified as witnesses against gang members] (PDF Summary)
    • Crespin-Valladares v. Holder, 632 F.3d 117 (4th Cir. 2011) [family]
    • Henriquez Rivas v. Holder, 707 F.3d 1081 (9th Cir. 2013) (en banc) [persons who testified as witnesses against gang members] (PDF Summary)
    • Gonzalez-Posadas v. A.G., 781 F.3d 677 (3d Cir. 2015) [homosexual men, Honduras] (PDF Summary)
    • Rios v. Lynch, 807 F.3d 1123 (9th Cir. 2015) [family as quintessential PSG] (PDF Summary)
    • Matter of L-E-A-, 27 I&N Dec. 40 (BIA 2017) (L-E-A- I) [family membership] (Study)
    • Matter of L-E-A-, 27 I&N Dec. 581 (A.G. 2019) (L-E-A- II) [family membership]
    • Matter of E-R-A-L-, 27 I&N Dec. 767 (BIA 2020) [Landowners] (PDF Summary)
    • Guzman Orellanas v. A.G., No. 19-1793 (3d Cir. April 17, 2020) [persons who publicly provide assistance against major Salvadoran gangs] (PDF Summary)
    • Matter of L-E-A-, 28 I&N Dec. 304 (A.G. 2021) (L-E-A- III) [family membership]
  • Particular Social Groups: UNSUCCESSFUL
    • Fatin v. INS, 12 F.3d 1233 (3d Cir. 1993) [educated feminist Iranian women] (PDF Summary)
    • Rreshpia v. Gonzales, 420 F.3d 551 (6th Cir. 2005) [young attractive women]
    • Ochoa v. Gonzales, 406 F.3d 1166 (9th Cir. 2005) [Colombian bus. owners resisting narcos]
    • In re C-A-, 23 I&N Dec. 951 (BIA 2006) [noncrim informants w/ cartels] (PDF Summary)
    • Arteaga v. Mukasey, 511 F.3d 940 (9th Cir. 2007): [gang members]
    • Valdiviezo-Goldamez v. A.G., 502 F.3d 285 (3d Cir. 2007) [resisting gang recruitment]
    • Matter of A-M-E- & J-G-U, 24 I&N Dec. 69 (BIA 2007) [affluence, wealth] (PDF Summary)
    • Matter of S-E-G-, 24 I&N Dec. 579 (BIA 2008) (PDF Summary)
    • Davila-Mejia v. Mukasey, 531 F.3d 624 (8th Cir. 2008) [competing family business owners]
    • Ahmed v. Holder, 611 F.3d 90 (1st Cir. 2010) [association with U.S.]
    • Lizama v. Holder, 629 F.3d 440 (4th Cir. 2011) [Americanization]
    • Khan v. A.G., 691 F.3d 488 (3d Circuit 2012) [secularized Pakistanis w/ U.S. ties] (PDF Summary)
    • S.E.R.L. v. A.G., 894 F.3d 535 (3d Cir. 2018) [family members Honduran women] (PDF Summary)
  • Particularly Serious Crimes
  • Persecution: DEFINING IT
    • Fatin v. INS, 12 F.3d 1233 (3d Cir. 1993) [general standard]
    • Asani v. INS, 154 F.3d 719 (7th Cir. 1998) [even single beating]
    • Dandan v. Ashcroft, 339 F.3d 567 (7th Cir. 2003) [number of incidents]
    • Mashiri v. Ashcroft, 383 F.3d 1112 (9th Cir. 2004) [emotional/psychological]
    • Voci v. A.G., 409 F.3d 607 (3d Cir. 2005) [isolated incidents, no injury]
    • Chavarria v. Gonzalez, 446 F.3d 508 (3d Cir. 2006) [not all unjust treatment]
    • Matter of T-Z-, 24 I&N Dec. 163 (BIA 2007) [not limited to physical harm] (PDF Summary)
    • Kibinda v. A.G., 447 F.3d 113 (3d Cir. 2007) [medical severity]
    • Gomez-Zuluaga v. A.G., 527 F.3d 330 (3d Cir. 2008) [death threats, etc.]
  • Persecution: CUMULATIVE EFFECT
    • Dandan v. Ashcroft, 339 F.3d 567 (7th Cir. 2003)
    • Manzur v. Dep’t of Homeland Sec., 494 F.3d 281 (2d Cir. 2007)
  • Persecution: ECONOMIC SANCTIONS
    • Borca v. INS, 77 F.3d 210 (7th Cir. 1996)
    • Yong Hoo Chen v. INS, 195 F.3d 198 (4th Cir. 1999)
    • Guan Shan Liao v. USDOJ, 293 F.3d 61 (2d Cir. 2002)
    • Ahmed v. Ashcroft, 341 F.3d 214 (3d Cir. 2003)
    • Baballah v. Ashcroft, 367 F.3d 1067 (9th Cir. 2004)
    • Eduard v. Ashcroft, 379 F.3d 182 (5th Cir. 2004)
    • Li v. A.G., 400 F.3d … (3d 2005) (PDF Summary)
    • Ahmed v. Gonzales, 467 F.3d (7th Cir. 2006)
  • Persecution: FAMILY PLANNING
    • Matter of Chang, 201 I&N Dec. 38 (BIA 1989) [overruled by IIRIRA]
    • Li v. A.G., 400 F.3d … (3d 2005) (PDF Summary)
    • Matter of T-Z-, 24 I&N Dec. 163 (BIA 2007) (PDF Summary)
  • Persecution: GANG VIOLENCE
    • Lopez-Soto v. Ashcroft, 383 F.3d 228 (4th Cir. 2004)
    • Menjivar v. Gonzales, 416 F.3d 918 (8th Cir. 2005)
    • Ortiz-Araniba v. Keisler, 505 F.3d 39 (1st Cir. 2007)
  • Persecution: NEXUS
  • Persecution: THREATS
    • Boykov v. INS, 109 F.3d 413 (7th Cir. 1997)
    • Lim v. INS, 224 F.3d 929 (9th Cir. 2000)
    • Li v. A.G., 400 F.3d … (3d 2005) (PDF Summary)
    • Chavarria v. Gonzalez, 446 F.3d 508 (3d Cir. 2006) [imminent, concrete, menacing] (PDF Summary)
    • Sumalia v. A.G., No. 189-1342 (3d Cir. March 31, 2020) (PDF Summary)
    • Herrera-Reyes v. A.G., No. 19-2255 (3d Cir. Feb. 28, 2020) [concrete, menacing] (PDF Summary)
    • Doe v. A.G., 956 F.3d 135 (3d Cir. 2020)
  • Persecution: WHAT DOESN’T QUALIFY
    • Abdille v. Ashcroft, 242 F.3d 477 (3d Cir. 2001) [$ motive] (PDF Summary)
    • Dandan v. Ashcroft, 339 F.3d 567 (7th Cir. 2003)
    • Konan v. A.G., 432 F.3d 497 (3d Cir. 2005) [general unrest] (PDF Summary)
    • Voci v. Gonzales, 409 F.3d 607 (3d Cir. 2005) [single instances of harm] (PDF Summary)
    • Shehu v. A.G., 482 F.3d 652 (3d Cir. 2007) [criminals motivated by money] (PDF Summary)
    • Iztlilco-Morales v. Keisler, 507 F.3d 651 (8th Cir. 2007) [poor health care for HIV+]
    • Gonzalez-Posadas v. A.G., 781 F.3d 677 (3d Cir. 2015) [isolated criminal acts] (PDF Summary)
    • Matter of A-B-, 27 I&N Dec. 316 (A.G. 2018) [DV/gang violence] (Summary)
  • Political Opinion / Imputed
    • INS v. Elias-Zacarias, 502 U.S. 478 (1992)
    • Matter of R-O-, 20 I&N Dec. 455 (BIA 1992)
    • Voci v. Gonzales, 409 F.3d 607 (3d Cir. 2005) (PDF Summary)
    • Chavarria v. Gonzalez, 446 F.3d 508 (3d Cir. 2006) (PDF Summary)
    • Zacarias-Velasquez v. Mukasey, 509 F.3d 429 (8th Cir. 2007)
    • Bartolo-Diego v. Gonzales, 490 F.3d 1024 (8th Cir. 2007)
    • Matter of S-E-G-, 24 I&N Dec. 579 (BIA 2008) (PDF Summary)
    • Espinosa-Cortez v. A.G., 607 F.3d 101 (3d Cir. 2010) (PDF Summary)
    • Matter of N-M-, 25 I&N Dec. 526 (BIA 2011) [whistleblowing] (PDF Summary)
    • Tilija v. A.G., 930 F.3d 165 (3d Cir. 2019) (PDF Summary)
    • Guzman Orellana v. A.G., 956 F.3d 171 (3d Cir. 2020) (PDF Summary)
  • Post-Departure Bar
    • William v. Gonzales, 499 F.3d 329 (4th Cir. 2007)
    • Marin-Rodriguez v. Holder, 612 F.3d 591 (7th Cir. 2010)
    • Coyt v. Holder, 593 F.3d 902 (9th Cir. 2010)
    • Pruidze v. Holder, 632 F.3d 234 (6th Cir. 2011)
    • Prestol Espinal v. A.G., 653 F.3d 213 (3d Cir. 2011)
    • Reyes Torres v. Holder, 645 F.3d 1073 (9th Cir. 2011)
    • Luna v. Holder, 637 F.3d 85 (2d Cir. 2011)
    • Prestol Espinal v. A.G., 653 F.3d 213 (3d Cir. 2011) [MTR, history] (PDF Summary)
  • REAL ID Act of 2005: CREDIBILITY
    • Gao v. Ashcroft, 299 F.3d 266 (3d Cir. 2002) (superseded: heart of the matter) (PDF Summary)
    • Toure v. A.G., 443 F.3d 310 (3d Cir. 2006) (PDF Summary)
  • REAL ID Act: MIXED MOTIVES
    • Gomez-Zuluaga v. A.G., 527 F.3d 330 (3d Cir. 2008) (PDF Summary)
    • In re J-B-N- & S-M-, 24 I&N Dec. 2008 (BIA 2007) (PDF Summary)
    • Ndayshimiye v. A.G., 557 f.3d 124 (3d Cir. 2009) (same as ^^) (PDF Summary)
  • Recission in absentia removal order
  • Reinstatement of prior removal order
    • Gonzalez-Posadas v. A.G., 781 F.3d 677 (3d Cir. 2015) (PDF Summary)
    • Andrade-Garcia v. Lynch, 828 F.3d 829 (9th Cir. 2016) [reasonable fear determination]
    • Ayala v. Sessions, 855 F.3d 1012 (9th Cir. 2017) [reasonable fear determination] (PDF Summary)
    • Bartolome v. Sessions, 904 F.3d 803 (9th Cir. 2018) (PDF Summary)
  • Removal of USC
    • Gallarza v. Szalczyk, 745 F.3d 634 (3d Cir. 2013) (Summary)
  • Similarly Situated Family Members
  • Termination of Case by IJ
    • Matter of S-O-G- & F-D-B-, 27 I&N Dec. 462 (A.G. 2018)
  • Torture (under the CAT)
    • Matter of R-A-F-, 27 I&N Dec. 778 (A.G. 2020) [poor conditions in MX mental health facility] (PDF Summary)
  • Visa Waiver Program
    • Kanacevic v. INS, 448 F.3d 129 (2d Cir. 2006)
    • Shehu v. A.G., 482 F.3d 652 (3d Cir. 2007) (PDF Summary)
  • Voluntary Departure
  • Withholding-Only Proceedings
    • INS v. Cardoza-Fonseca, 480 U.S. 421 (1987)
    • INS v. Aguirre-Aguirre, 526 U.S. 415 (1999)
    • Matter of I-S- & C-S-, 24 I&N Dec. 432 (BIA 2008)
    • Padilla-Ramirez v. Bible, 882 F.3d 826 (CA9 2017)
    • Guerrero-Sanchez v. Warden YCP, 905 F.3d 208 (CA3 2018)
    • Martinez v. LaRose, 968 F.3d 555 (CA6 2020)
    • Nasrallah v. Barr, 590 U.S. ___ (2020)
    • Johnson v. Guzman Chavez, 594 U.S. ___ (2021) (PDF Summary)