**Administrative Closure***Matter of Castro-Tum*, 27 I&N Dec. 271 (A.G. 2018)**(Overruled by***Matter of Cruz-Valdez*)

*Sanchez v. A.G.*, 997 F.3d 113 (3d Cir. 2021)**(PDF Summary)***Matter of Cruz-Valdez*, 28 I&N Dec. 326 (A.G. 2021)

**Administrative Exhaustion***Bhiski v. Ashcroft*, 373 F.3d 363 (3d Cir. 2004)*Yan Lan Wu v. Ashcroft*, 393 F.3d 418 (3d Cir. 2005)*Popal v. Gonzales*, 416 F.3d 249 (3d Cir. 2005)*Joseph v. A.G.*, 465 F.3d 123 (3d Cir. 2006)*Lin v. A.G.*, 543 F.3d 114 (3d Cir. 2008)**(PDF Summary)***Hozha v. Holder*, 559 F.3d 157 (3d Cir. 2009)*Zhi Fei Liao v. A.G.*, 910 F.3d 714 (3d Cir. 2018)*Nkomo v. A.G.*, 986 F.3d 268 (3d Cir. 2021)**(PDF Summary)**

**Adverse Credibility Determination***Balasubramanrim v. INS*, 143 F.3d 157 (3d Cir. 1998) [airport interviews]*Senathirajah v. INS*, 157 F.3d 210 (3d Cir. 1998) [airport interviews]**(PDF Summary)***Fiadjoe v. A.G.*, 411 F.3d 135 (3d Cir. 2005) [airport interview; abusive IJ]**(PDF Summary)**

*Toure v. A.G.*, 443 F.3d 310 (3d Cir. 2006)**(PDF Summary)**

*Sukwanputra v. Gonzales*, 434 F.3d 627 (3d Cir. 2006)**(PDF Summary)***In re. J-Y-C-*, 24 I&N Dec. 260 (BIA 2007)**(PDF Summary)**

*Chukwu v. A.G.*, 484 F.3d 185 (3d Cir. 2007)**(PDF Summary)***Lin v. A.G.*, 543 F.3d 114 (3d Cir. 2008)**(PDF Summary)***Sunuwar v. A.G.*, 989 F.3d 239 (3d Cir. 2021)**(PDF Summary)**

**Aggravated Felony***K.A. v. A.G.*, 997 F.3d 99 (3d Cir. 2021)**(PDF Summary)**

**Appeals Procedure:**BIA

**Appeals Procedure:**CIRCUIT COURTS*Khan v. A.G.*, 691 F.3d 488 (3d Cir. 2012) [premature]

**Asylum:**FIRM RESETTLEMENT*Abdille v. Ashcroft*, 242 F.3d 477 (3d Cir. 2001)**(PDF Summary)**

*Matter of K-S-E-*, 27 I&N Dec. 818 (BIA 2020)**(PDF Summary)**

**Asylum:**GOVERNMENT CONTROL*Fiadjoe v. A.G.*, 411 F.3d 135 (3d Cir. 2005) [Ghana, Trokosi sect]**(PDF Summary)**, 665 F.3d 496 (3d Cir. 2011) [Guatemala, testimony]**Garcia v. A.G**.**(PDF Summary)**

**Asylum:**ONE YEAR DEADLINE*Matter of T-M-H- & S-W-C-*, 25 I&N Dec. 193 (BIA 2010)**(PDF Summary)***Matter of D-G-C-*, 28 I&N Dec. 297 (BIA 2021)**(PDF Summary)**

**Authentication of Documents***Sukwanputra v. Gonzales*, 434 F.3d 627 (3d Cir. 2006)**(PDF Summary)***Fei Yan Zhu v. A.G.*744 F.3d 268 (3d Cir. 2014)**(PDF Summary)**

**Bond***In re Adeniji*, 22 I&N Dec. 1102 (BIA 1999)*Padilla-Ramirez v. Bible*, 882 F.3d 826 (CA9 2017)*Guerrero-Sanchez v. Warden YCP*, 905 F.3d 208 (CA3 2018)*Martinez v. LaRose*, 968 F.3d 555 (CA6 2020)*Johnson v. Guzman Chavez*, 549 U.S. ___ (2021)**(PDF Summary)**

**Cancellation of Removal***Matter of Strydom*, 25 I&N Dec. 507 (BIA 2011) [Violation v. conviction]

*Matter of Obshatko*, 27 I&N Dec. 173 (BIA 2017) [Violation v. conviction]**(PDF Summary)**

*Matter of J-J-G-*, 27 I&N Dec. 808 (BIA 2020)**(PDF Summary)**

**CAT Claims***Quinteros v. A.G.*, 945 F.3d 772 (3d Cir. 2019)**(PDF Summary)**

**Categorical Approach***K.A. v. A.G.*, 997 F.3d 99 (3d Cir. 2021)**(PDF Summary)**

**Changed Country Conditions***Kaur v. BIA*, 413 F.3d 232 (2d Cir. 2005)*Wang v. BIA*, 437 F.3d 270 (2d Cir. 2006)*Shardar v. A.G.*, 503 F.3d 308 (3d Cir. 2007)**(PDF Summary)***Khan v. A.G.*, 691 F.3d 488 (3d Cir. 2012)**(PDF Summary)**

*Perez v. Holder*, 740 F.3d 57 (9st Cir. 2014)*Bamaca-Cifuentes v. A.G.*, 870 F.3d 108 (3d Cir. 2017)**(PDF Summary)***Liem v. A.G.*, 921 F.3d 388 (3d Cir. 2019)**(PDF Summary)***Lopez-Garcia v. Barr*, 969 F.3d 749 (7th Cir. 2020)*Baker White v. Wilkinison*, 990 F.3d 600 (8th Cir. 2021)**(PDF Summary)***Darby v. A.G.*, ___ F.3d ____ (3d Cir. June 17, 2021) (2021 WL 2460986)**(PDF Summary)**

**Continuances***Matter of L-A-B-R-*, 27 I&N Dec. 405 (A.G. 2018)

**Continuous Physical Presence***De Leon-Ochoa v. A.G.*, 622 F.3d 341 (3d Cir. 2010) [piggybacking]

**Corroboration***In re S-M-J-*, 21 I&N Dec. 722 (BIA 1997) (en banc)**(PDF Summary)***Senathirajah v. INS*, 157 F.3d 210 (3d Cir. 1998)**(PDF Summary)***Matter of S-A-*, 22 I&N Dec. 1328 (BIA 2000) [absence of police report]*Abdulai v. Ashcroft*, 239 F.3d F42 (3d Cir. 2001) [3-part test]**(PDF Summary)***Berishaj v. Ashcroft*, 37 F.3d 314 (3d Cir. 2004)**(Summary)***Liu v. Ashcroft*, 372 F.3d 529 (3d Cir. 2004)**(PDF Summary)***Voci v. Gonzales*, 409 F.3d 607 (3d Cir. 2005)**(PDF Summary)***Chukwu v. A.G.*, 484 F.3d 185 (3d Cir. 2007) [IJ notice necessary]**(PDF Summary)***Rapheal v. Mukasey*, 533 F.3d 521 (7th Cir. 2008) [IJ notice NOT necessary]*Sandie v. A.G.*, 562 F.3d 246 (3d Cir. 2009)**(PDF Summary)***Liu v. Holder*, 575 F.3d 193 (2d Cir. 2009) [IJ notice NOT necessary]*Rahimzadeh v. Holder*, 613 F.3d 916 (9th Cir. 2010) [absence of police report]*Ren v. Holder*, 648 F.3d 1079 (9th Cir. 2011) [IJ notice necessary]*Zhi v. Holder*, 751 F.3d 1088 (9th Cir. 2014) [IJ notice necessary]*Hernandez-Avalos v. Lynch*, 784 F.3d 944 (4th Cir. 2015) [absence of police report]*Matter of L-A-C*, 26 I&N Dec. 516 (BIA 2015) [IJ notice NOT necessary]*Gaye v. Lynch*, 788 F.3d 519 (6th Cir. 2015) [IJ notice NOT necessary]*Bringas-Rodriguez v. Sessions*, 850 F.3d 1051 (9th Cir. 2017) (en banc) [absence of police report]*Saravia v. A.G.*, 905 F.3d 729 (3d Cir. 2018) [IJ notice necessary in 3d Cir]**(PDF Summary)***Doe v. A.G.*, 956 F.3d 135 (3d Cir. 2020) [absence of police report]**(PDF Summary)**

**Crimes:**AGGRAVATED FELONIES*Matter of Ramos*, 23 I&N Dec. 336 (BIA 2002) (en banc) [DUI, crimes of violence]**(PDF Summary)***K.A. v. A.G.*, 997 F.3d 99 (3d Cir. 2021)**(PDF Summary)**

**Crimes:**CATEGORICAL APPROACH*Matter of Obshatko*, 27 I&N Dec. 173 (BIA 2017)**(PDF Summary)***K.A. v. A.G.*, 997 F.3d 99 (3d Cir. 2021)**(PDF Summary)**

**Crimes:**CIMTs*Matter of Ortega Lopez*(A.G. 2018) [animal fighting]

**Crimes:**CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES*In re Suh*, 23 I&N Dec. 626 (BIA 2003) [pardon waiver]

*Balogun v. A.G.*, 425 F.3d 1356 (11th Cir. 2005) [pardon waiver]*Aguilera-Montero v. Mukasey*, 548 F.3d 1248 (9th Cir. 2008) [pardon waiver]*Aristy-Rosa v. A.G.*, 994 F.3d 112 (3d Cir. 2021) [pardon waiver]**(PDF Summary)**

**Crimes:**GENERAL*Padilla v. KY*, 599 U.S. 356 (2010) [duty to warn client]**(PDF Summary)**

*Matter of Medina Jimenez*(BIA 2018) [PFA]**(Summary)**

**Crimes:**PARDON WAIVERS*In re Suh*, 23 I&N Dec. 626 (BIA 2003) [controlled substances]

*Balogun v. A.G.*, 425 F.3d 1356 (11th Cir. 2005) [controlled substances]*Aguilera-Montero v. Mukasey*, 548 F.3d 1248 (9th Cir. 2008) [controlled substances]*Aristy-Rosa v. A.G.*, 994 F.3d 112 (3d Cir. 2021) [controlled substances]**(PDF Summary)**

**Detention & Removal***Zadvydas v. Davis*, 533 U.S. 678 (2001)**(PDF Summary)***Demore v. Kim*US (2003)

**Domestic Violence**, 27 I&N Dec. 173 (BIA 2017) [PFA violation]*Matter of Obshatko***(PDF Summary)**

*Matter of A-B-*, 27 I&N Dec. 316 (A.G. 2018)**(Summary)**

- **
**Equitable Tolling***Iavorski v. INS*, 232 F.3d 124 (2d Cir. 2000)*Cekic v. INS*, 435 F.3d 167 (2d Cir. 2006) [due diligence]*Jian Hua Wang v. BIA*, 508 F.3d 710 (2d Cir. 2007) [length of time]*Rivera v. Quarterman*, 505 F.3d 349 (5th Cir. 2007) [extra circs]*Xue Yong Zhang v. Holder*, 617 F.3d 650 (2d Cir. 2010) [MTR 90 days]*Holland v. Florida*, 560 U.S. 631 (2010) [diligence + Extra circs]*Ilona v. Barr*, 958 F.3d 1225 (9th Cir. 2020) [Changed law = Extra circs]

**Failure to Appear:**MTR, EXCEPTIONAL CIRCUMSTANCES*Romani v. INS*, 146 F.3d 737 (9th Cir. 1998) [no failure to appear]**(PDF Summary)**

*Singh v. INS*, 295 F.3d 1037 (9th Cir. 2002) [late but diligent & eligible]**(PDF Summary)**

*Chete Juarez v. Ashcroft*, 376 F.3d 944 (9th Cir. 2004) [diligence; BIA delay]**(PDF Summary)***Matter of S-L-H- & L-B-L-*, 28 I&N Dec. 318 (BIA 2021) [weather, traffic]**(PDF Summary)**

**Gang Violence***Matter of S-E-G-*, 24 I&N Dec. 579 (BIA 2008)**(PDF Summary)***Matter of A-B-*, 27 I&N Dec. 316 (A.G. 2018)**(Summary)**

**Humanitarian Asylum / “Other serious harm”***Lukwago v. Ashcroft*, 329 F.3d 157 (2003) [denied]**(PDF Summary)**

**In Absentia Removal***Romani v. INS*, 146 F.3d 737 (9th Cir. 1998)**(PDF Summary)**

*Mahmood v. Gonzales*, 427 F.3d 248 (3d Cir. 2005)**(PDF Summary)**

**Ineffective Assistance of Counsel***Matter of Lozada*, 19 I&N Dec. 637 (BIA 1988)**(PDF Summary)***Mahmood v. Gonzales*, 427 F.3d 248 (3d Cir. 2005)**(PDF Summary)**

**Jurisdiction & Judicial Review***INS v. Yang*, 519 U.S. 26 (1996) [agency discretion]*INS v. Ventura*, 537 U.S. 12 (2002) (per curiam) [BIA remand]*Calle Vujiles v. Ashcroft*, 320 F.3d 472 (3d Cir. 2003) [settled course of adj]*Vente v. Gonzales*, 415 F.3d 296 (3d Cir. 2005) [BIA remand]*Cruz v. A.G.*, 452 F.3d 240 (3d Cir. 2006) [BIA’s sua sponte MTR denial]*Chehazeh v. A.G.*, 666 F.3d 118 (3d Cir. 2012) [BIA’s sua sponte MTR denial]

**LGBTQ Persecution***Matter of Toboso-Alfonso*, 20 I&N Dec. 819 (BIA 1990) [sexual orientation PSG]*Hernandez-Montiel v. INS*, 225 F.3d 1084 (9th Cir. 2000),*overruled on other grounds by Thomas v. Gonzales*, 409 F.3d 1177 (9th Cir. 2005) [transgender PSG]*Amanfi v. Ashcroft*, 328 F.3d 719 (3d Cir. 2003) [sexual orientation PSG]*Nabulwala v. Gonzales*, 481 f.3d 1115 (8th Cir. 2007) [lesbians PSG]*Bromfield v. Mukasey*, 543 F.3d 1071 (9th Cir. 2008) [prosecution for PSG]*Gonzalez-Posadas v. A.G.*, 781 F.3d 677 (3d Cir. 2015) [not granted]**(PDF Summary)***Bringas-Rodriguez v. Sessions*, 850 F.3d 1051 (9th Cir. 2017) (en banc) [sexual orientation & sexual identity PSG]*Doe v. A.G*., 956 F.3d 135 (3d Cir. 2020) [sexual orientation PSG]**(PDF Summary)**

**Motions to Reconsider***Prestol Espinal v. A.G.*, 653 F.3d 213 (3d Cir. 2011) [Post-departure bar]

**Motions to Reopen***In re J-J-*, 1 I&N Dec. 976 (BIA 1997) (en banc)**(PDF Summary)***Konan v. A.G.*, 432 F.3d 497 (3d Cir. 2005)*William v. Gonzales*, 499 F.3d 329 (4th Cir. 2007) [post-departure bar]*Dada v. Mukasey*, 554 U.S. 1 (2008)*Kucana v. Holder*, 558 U.S. 233 (2010)*Marin-Rodriguez v. Holder*, 612 F.3d 591 (7th Cir. 2010) [post-departure bar]*Coyt v. Holder*, 593 F.3d 902 (9th Cir. 2010) [post-departure bar]*Pruidze v. Holder*, 632 F.3d 234 (6th Cir. 2011) [post-departure bar]*Prestol Espinal v. A.G.*, 653 F.3d 213 (3d Cir. 2011) [post-departure bar]**(PDF Summary)***Reyes Torres v. Holder*, 645 F.3d 1073 (9th Cir. 2011) [post-departure bar]*Luna v. Holder*, 637 F.3d 85 (2d Cir. 2011) [post-departure bar]*Alzaarir v. A.G.*, 39 F.3d 86 (3d Cir. 2011)*Matter of J-G-*, 26 I&N Dec. 161 (BIA 2013)**(PDF Summary)***Bamaca-Cifuentes v. A.G.*, 870 F.3d 108 (3d Cir. 2017)**(PDF Summary)***Jean Louis v. A.G.*, 914 F.3d 189 (3d Cir. 2019) [asylum]**(PDF Summary)***Nkomo v. A.G.*, 986 F.3d 268 (3d Cir. 2021) [approved I-130, tolling]

**Motions to Reopen:**EQUITABLE TOLLING*Borges v. Gonzales*, 402 F.3d 398 (3d Cir. 2005)*Alzaarir v. A.G.*, 639 F.3d 86 (3d Cir. 2011)*Nkomo v. A.G.*, 986 F.3d 268 (3d Cir. 2021)**(PDF Summary)**

**Motions to Reopen:**EXCEPTIONAL CIRCUMSTANCES*Romani v. INS*, 146 F.3d 737 (9th Cir. 1998) [no failure to appear]**(PDF Summary)**

*Singh v. INS*, 295 F.3d 1037 (9th Cir. 2002) [late but diligent & eligible]**(PDF Summary)**

*Chete Juarez v. Ashcroft*, 376 F.3d 944 (9th Cir. 2004) [diligence; BIA delay]**(PDF Summary)***Matter of S-L-H- & L-B-L-*, 28 I&N Dec. 318 (BIA 2021) [weather, traffic]**(PDF Summary)**

**Motions to Reopen:**REASONABLE FEAR DETERMINATION*Ortiz-Alfaro v. Holder*, 694 F.3d 955 (9th Cir. 2012)*Andrade-Garcia v. Lynch*, 828 F.3d 829 (9th Cir. 2016)*Ayala v. Sessions*, 855 F.3d 1012 (9th Cir. 2017)**(PDF Summary)***Bartolome v. Sessions*, 904 F.3d 803 (9th Cir. 2018)**(PDF Summary)**

**Motions to Reopen:**SUA SPONTE*In re. G-D-*, 22 I&N Dec. 1132 (BIA 1999)**(PDF Summary)***Cruz v. A.G.*, 452 F.3d 240 (3d Cir. 2006)*Chehazeh v. A.G.*, 666 F.3d 118 (3d Cir. 2012)

*Cordova-Soto v. Holder*, 732 F.3d 789 (7th Cir. 2013)*Ayala v. Sessions*, 855 F.3d 1012 (9th Cir. 2017) [reasonable fear determination]**(PDF Summary)**

*Sang Goo Park v. A.G.*, 846 F.3d 645 (3d Cir. 2017)**(PDF Summary)***Bartolome v. Sessions*, 904 F.3d 803 (9th Cir. 2018)**(PDF Summary)***Salazar-Marroquin v. Barr*, 969 F.3d 814 (7th Cir. 2020)*Darby v. A.G.*, ___ F.3d ____ (3d Cir. June 17, 2021) (2021 WL 2460986)**(PDF Summary)**

**NTA:**SERVICE / RECEIVING NOTICE*In re. G-Y-R-*, 23 I&N Dec. 181 (BIA 2001) (en banc)**(PDF Summary)**

**NTA,**JURISDICTION**Defective**:*Nkomo v. A.G.*, 930 F.3d 129 (3d Cir. 2019)**(PDF Summary)***Matter of Mendoza-Hernandez and Capula-Cortes*, 27 I&N Dec. 520 (BIA 2019) (en banc)**(PDF Summary)**

**NTA,**STOP-TIME RULE**Defective**:*Pereira v. Sessions*, 585 U.S. ___ (2018)**(PDF Summary)***Matter of Mendoza-Hernandez and Capula-Cortes*, 27 I&N Dec. 520 (BIA 2019) (en banc) [This part overruled]**(PDF Summary)**

*Guadalupe v. A.G.*, No. 19-2239 (3d Cir. Feb. 26, 2020)**(PDF Summary)***Matter of Viera-Garcia,*28 I&N Dec. 223 (BIA 2021) [Post-conclusion Vol Departure]**(PDF Summary)**- **
*Niz-Chavez*141 S. Ct. 1474 (April 29, 2021)*v. Garland*,**(PDF Summary)**

**Pardon Waiver Provision***In re Suh*, 23 I&N Dec. 626 (BIA 2003) [controlled substances]*Balogun v. A.G.*, 425 F.3d 1356 (11th Cir. 2005) [controlled substances]*Aguilera-Montero v. Mukasey*, 548 F.3d 1248 (9th Cir. 2008) [controlled substances]*Aristy-Rosa v. A.G.*, 994 F.3d 112 (3d Cir. 2021) [controlled substances]**(PDF Summary)**

**Particular Social Groups:**CIRCULARITY*Rreshpia v. Gonzales*, 420 F.3d 551 (6th Cir. 2005)

- **
**Particular Social Groups:**FOUNDATIONAL CASES*Matter of Acosta*, 19 I&N Dec. 211 (BIA 1985)*Fatin v. INS*, 12 F.3d 1233 (3d Cir. 1993) [Alito]**(PDF Summary)***Matter of C-A-*, 23 I&N Dec. 951 (BIA 2006) [socially visible]**(PDF Summary)***Matter of A-M-E- & J-G-U-*, 24 I&N Dec. 69 (BIA 2007) [socially visible]**(PDF Summary)***Matter of S-E-G-*, 24 I&N Dec. 579 (BIA 2008) [gangs, age]**(PDF Summary)**

**Particular Social Groups**: SUCCESSFUL*Lukwago v. Ashcroft*, 329 F.3d 157 (2003) [escaped child soldier, Uganda]**(PDF Summary)**

*Konan v. Attorney General*, 432 F.3d 497 (2005) [son of gendarme, Cote d’Ivoire]**(PDF Summary)***Tapiero de Orejuela v. Gonzales*, 423 F.3d 666 (7th Cir. 2005) [educated, landowning cattle farmers]

*Gomez-Zuluaga v. A.G.*, 527 F.3d 330 (3d Cir. 2008) [women who escaped from FARC]**(PDF Summary)***Torres v. Mukasey*, 551 F.3d 616 (7th Cir. 2008) [family]*Garcia v. A.G.*, 665 F.3d 496 (3d Cir. 2011) [persons who testified as witnesses against gang members]**(PDF Summary)***Crespin-Valladares v. Holder*, 632 F.3d 117 (4th Cir. 2011) [family]*Henriquez Rivas v. Holder*, 707 F.3d 1081 (9th Cir. 2013) (en banc) [persons who testified as witnesses against gang members]**(PDF Summary)***Gonzalez-Posadas v. A.G.*, 781 F.3d 677 (3d Cir. 2015) [homosexual men, Honduras]**(PDF Summary)***Rios v. Lynch*, 807 F.3d 1123 (9th Cir. 2015) [family as quintessential PSG]**(PDF Summary)***Matter of L-E-A-*, 27 I&N Dec. 40 (BIA 2017) (*L-E-A-*I) [family membership]**(Study)***Matter of L-E-A-*, 27 I&N Dec. 581 (A.G. 2019) (*L-E-A-*II) [family membership]*Matter of E-R-A-L-*, 27 I&N Dec. 767 (BIA 2020) [Landowners]**(PDF Summary)***Guzman Orellanas v. A.G.*, No. 19-1793 (3d Cir. April 17, 2020) [persons who publicly provide assistance against major Salvadoran gangs]**(PDF Summary)***Matter of L-E-A-*, 28 I&N Dec. 304 (A.G. 2021) (*L-E-A-*III) [family membership]

**Particular Social Groups:**UNSUCCESSFUL*Fatin v. INS*, 12 F.3d 1233 (3d Cir. 1993) [educated feminist Iranian women]**(PDF Summary)***Rreshpia v. Gonzales*, 420 F.3d 551 (6th Cir. 2005) [young attractive women]*Ochoa v. Gonzales*, 406 F.3d 1166 (9th Cir. 2005) [Colombian bus. owners resisting narcos]*In re C-A-*, 23 I&N Dec. 951 (BIA 2006) [noncrim informants w/ cartels]**(PDF Summary)***Arteaga v. Mukasey*, 511 F.3d 940 (9th Cir. 2007): [gang members]*Valdiviezo-Goldamez v. A.G*., 502 F.3d 285 (3d Cir. 2007) [resisting gang recruitment]*Matter of A-M-E- & J-G-U*, 24 I&N Dec. 69 (BIA 2007) [affluence, wealth]**(PDF Summary)***Matter of S-E-G-*, 24 I&N Dec. 579 (BIA 2008)**(PDF Summary)***Davila-Mejia v. Mukasey*, 531 F.3d 624 (8th Cir. 2008) [competing family business owners]*Ahmed v. Holder*, 611 F.3d 90 (1st Cir. 2010) [association with U.S.]*Lizama v. Holder*, 629 F.3d 440 (4th Cir. 2011) [Americanization]*Khan v. A.G.*, 691 F.3d 488 (3d Circuit 2012) [secularized Pakistanis w/ U.S. ties]**(PDF Summary)**

*S.E.R.L. v. A.G.*, 894 F.3d 535 (3d Cir. 2018) [family members Honduran women]**(PDF Summary)**

**Particularly Serious Crimes***K.A. v. A.G.*, 997 F.3d 99 (3d Cir. 2021)**(PDF Summary)**

**Persecution**: DEFINING IT*Fatin v. INS*, 12 F.3d 1233 (3d Cir. 1993) [general standard]*Asani v. INS*, 154 F.3d 719 (7th Cir. 1998) [even single beating]*Dandan v. Ashcroft*, 339 F.3d 567 (7th Cir. 2003) [number of incidents]*Mashiri v. Ashcroft*, 383 F.3d 1112 (9th Cir. 2004) [emotional/psychological]*Voci v. A.G.*, 409 F.3d 607 (3d Cir. 2005) [isolated incidents, no injury]*Chavarria v. Gonzalez*, 446 F.3d 508 (3d Cir. 2006) [not all unjust treatment]*Matter of T-Z-*, 24 I&N Dec. 163 (BIA 2007) [not limited to physical harm]**(PDF Summary)***Kibinda v. A.G.*, 447 F.3d 113 (3d Cir. 2007) [medical severity]*Gomez-Zuluaga**v. A.G.*, 527 F.3d 330 (3d Cir. 2008) [death threats, etc.]

**Persecution:**CUMULATIVE EFFECT*Dandan v. Ashcroft*, 339 F.3d 567 (7th Cir. 2003)

*Voci v. Gonzales*, 409 F.3d 607 (3d Cir. 2005)**(PDF Summary)**

*Manzur v. Dep’t of Homeland Sec.*, 494 F.3d 281 (2d Cir. 2007)

*Fei Mei Cheng v. A.G.*, 623 F.3d 175 (3d Cir. 2010)**(PDF Summary)**

**Persecution:**ECONOMIC SANCTIONS*Borca v. INS*, 77 F.3d 210 (7th Cir. 1996)

*Yong Hoo Chen v. INS*, 195 F.3d 198 (4th Cir. 1999)

*Guan Shan Liao v. USDOJ*, 293 F.3d 61 (2d Cir. 2002)

*Ahmed v. Ashcroft*, 341 F.3d 214 (3d Cir. 2003)*Baballah v. Ashcroft*, 367 F.3d 1067 (9th Cir. 2004)*Eduard v. Ashcroft*, 379 F.3d 182 (5th Cir. 2004)

*Li v. A.G.*, 400 F.3d … (3d 2005)**(PDF Summary)***Ahmed v. Gonzales*, 467 F.3d (7th Cir. 2006)

*In re. T-Z-*, 24 I&N Dec. 163 (BIA 2007)**(PDF Summary)***Fei Mei Cheng v. A.G.*, 623 F.3d 175 (3d Cir. 2010)**(PDF Summary)**

**Persecution:**FAMILY PLANNING*Matter of Chang*, 201 I&N Dec. 38 (BIA 1989) [overruled by IIRIRA]*Li v. A.G.*, 400 F.3d … (3d 2005)**(PDF Summary)***Matter of T-Z-*, 24 I&N Dec. 163 (BIA 2007)**(PDF Summary)**

*In re M-F-W- & L-G-*, 24 I&N Dec. 633 (BIA 2008)**(PDF Summary)***Fei Mei Cheng v. A.G.*, 623 F.3d 175 (3d Cir. 2010)**(PDF Summary)**

**Persecution:**GANG VIOLENCE*Lopez-Soto v. Ashcroft*, 383 F.3d 228 (4th Cir. 2004)*Menjivar v. Gonzales*, 416 F.3d 918 (8th Cir. 2005)*Ortiz-Araniba v. Keisler*, 505 F.3d 39 (1st Cir. 2007)

*Matter of S-E-G-*, 24 I&N Dec. 579 (BIA 2008)**(PDF Summary)**

**Persecution:**NEXUS*Konan v. A.G.*, 432 F.3d 497 (2005)**(PDF Summary)***Fei Mei Cheng v. A.G.*, 623 F.3d 175 (3d Cir. 2010)**(PDF Summary)***Ayala v. Sessions*, 855 F.3d 1012 (9th Cir. 2017) [Extortion plus]**(PDF Summary)**

**Persecution:**THREATS*Boykov v. INS*, 109 F.3d 413 (7th Cir. 1997)

*Lim v. INS*, 224 F.3d 929 (9th Cir. 2000)*Li v. A.G.*, 400 F.3d … (3d 2005)**(PDF Summary)**

*Chavarria v. Gonzalez*, 446 F.3d 508 (3d Cir. 2006) [imminent, concrete, menacing]**(PDF Summary)***Sumalia v. A.G.*, No. 189-1342 (3d Cir. March 31, 2020)**(PDF Summary)***Herrera-Reyes v. A.G.*, No. 19-2255 (3d Cir. Feb. 28, 2020) [concrete, menacing]**(PDF Summary)***Doe v. A.G.*, 956 F.3d 135 (3d Cir. 2020)

**Persecution:**WHAT DOESN’T QUALIFY*Abdille v. Ashcroft*, 242 F.3d 477 (3d Cir. 2001) [$ motive]**(PDF Summary)**

*Dandan v. Ashcroft*, 339 F.3d 567 (7th Cir. 2003)

*Konan v. A.G.*, 432 F.3d 497 (3d Cir. 2005) [general unrest]**(PDF Summary)***Voci v. Gonzales*, 409 F.3d 607 (3d Cir. 2005) [single instances of harm]**(PDF Summary)***Shehu v. A.G.*, 482 F.3d 652 (3d Cir. 2007) [criminals motivated by money]**(PDF Summary)***Iztlilco-Morales v. Keisler*, 507 F.3d 651 (8th Cir. 2007) [poor health care for HIV+]*Gonzalez-Posadas v. A.G.*, 781 F.3d 677 (3d Cir. 2015) [isolated criminal acts]**(PDF Summary)***Matter of A-B-*, 27 I&N Dec. 316 (A.G. 2018) [DV/gang violence]**(Summary)**

**Political Opinion / Imputed***INS v. Elias-Zacarias*, 502 U.S. 478 (1992)*Matter of R-O-*, 20 I&N Dec. 455 (BIA 1992)*Voci v. Gonzales*, 409 F.3d 607 (3d Cir. 2005)**(PDF Summary)***Chavarria v. Gonzalez*, 446 F.3d 508 (3d Cir. 2006)**(PDF Summary)***Zacarias-Velasquez v. Mukasey*, 509 F.3d 429 (8th Cir. 2007)*Bartolo-Diego v. Gonzales*, 490 F.3d 1024 (8th Cir. 2007)*Matter of S-E-G-*, 24 I&N Dec. 579 (BIA 2008)**(PDF Summary)***Espinosa-Cortez v. A.G.*, 607 F.3d 101 (3d Cir. 2010)**(PDF Summary)***Matter of N-M-*, 25 I&N Dec. 526 (BIA 2011) [whistleblowing]**(PDF Summary)***Tilija v. A.G.*, 930 F.3d 165 (3d Cir. 2019)**(PDF Summary)***Guzman Orellana v. A.G.*, 956 F.3d 171 (3d Cir. 2020)**(PDF Summary)**

**Post-Departure Bar***William v. Gonzales*, 499 F.3d 329 (4th Cir. 2007)*Marin-Rodriguez v. Holder*, 612 F.3d 591 (7th Cir. 2010)

*Coyt v. Holder*, 593 F.3d 902 (9th Cir. 2010)*Pruidze v. Holder*, 632 F.3d 234 (6th Cir. 2011)*Prestol Espinal v. A.G.*, 653 F.3d 213 (3d Cir. 2011)*Reyes Torres v. Holder*, 645 F.3d 1073 (9th Cir. 2011)*Luna v. Holder*, 637 F.3d 85 (2d Cir. 2011)

*Prestol Espinal v. A.G.*, 653 F.3d 213 (3d Cir. 2011) [MTR, history]**(PDF Summary)**

**REAL ID Act of 2005**: CREDIBILITY*Gao v. Ashcroft*, 299 F.3d 266 (3d Cir. 2002) (superseded: heart of the matter)**(PDF Summary)***Toure v. A.G.*, 443 F.3d 310 (3d Cir. 2006)**(PDF Summary)**

**REAL ID Act:**MIXED MOTIVES*Gomez-Zuluaga v. A.G.*, 527 F.3d 330 (3d Cir. 2008)**(PDF Summary)***In re J-B-N- & S-M-*, 24 I&N Dec. 2008 (BIA 2007)**(PDF Summary)***Ndayshimiye v. A.G.*, 557 f.3d 124 (3d Cir. 2009) (same as ^^)**(PDF Summary)**

**Recission in absentia removal order**22 I&N Dec. 349 (BIA 1998)*In re M-S-*,**(PDF Summary)***Matter of J-G-*, 26 I&N Dec. 161 (BIA 2013)**(PDF Summary)***Matter of S-L-H- & L-B-L-*, 28 I&N Dec. 318 (BIA 2021)**(PDF Summary)**

**Reinstatement of prior removal order***Gonzalez-Posadas v. A.G.*, 781 F.3d 677 (3d Cir. 2015)**(PDF Summary)***Andrade-Garcia v. Lynch*, 828 F.3d 829 (9th Cir. 2016) [reasonable fear determination]*Ayala v. Sessions*, 855 F.3d 1012 (9th Cir. 2017) [reasonable fear determination]**(PDF Summary)***Bartolome v. Sessions*, 904 F.3d 803 (9th Cir. 2018)**(PDF Summary)**

**Removal of USC***Gallarza v. Szalczyk*, 745 F.3d 634 (3d Cir. 2013)**(Summary)**

**Similarly Situated Family Members***Toure v. A.G.*, 443 F.3d 310 (3d Cir. 2006)**(PDF Summary)***Herrera-Reyes v. A.G.*, No. 19-2255 (3d Cir. Feb. 28, 2020)**(PDF Summary)**

**Termination of Case by IJ***Matter of S-O-G- & F-D-B-*, 27 I&N Dec. 462 (A.G. 2018)

**Torture (under the CAT)***Matter of R-A-F-*, 27 I&N Dec. 778 (A.G. 2020) [poor conditions in MX mental health facility]**(PDF Summary)**

**Visa Waiver Program***Kanacevic v. INS*, 448 F.3d 129 (2d Cir. 2006)*Shehu v. A.G.*, 482 F.3d 652 (3d Cir. 2007)**(PDF Summary)**

**Voluntary Departure**562 F.3d 246 (3d Cir. 2009)*Sandie v. A.G.*,**(PDF Summary)***Matter of Viera-Garcia,*28 I&N Dec. 223 (BIA 2021)**(PDF Summary)**

**Withholding-Only Proceedings***INS v. Cardoza-Fonseca*, 480 U.S. 421 (1987)*INS v. Aguirre-Aguirre*, 526 U.S. 415 (1999)*Matter of I-S- & C-S-*, 24 I&N Dec. 432 (BIA 2008)*Padilla-Ramirez v. Bible*, 882 F.3d 826 (CA9 2017)

*Guerrero-Sanchez v. Warden YCP*, 905 F.3d 208 (CA3 2018)*Martinez v. LaRose*, 968 F.3d 555 (CA6 2020)

*Nasrallah v. Barr*, 590 U.S. ___ (2020)*Johnson v. Guzman Chavez*, 594 U.S. ___ (2021)**(PDF Summary)**